chagos archipelago history

History. Published by The Chagos Conservation Trust 2017. Chagos: A History, Exploration, Exploitation, Expulsion. Click here to start a new topic. The book can be purchased here: YPD Books. Because many different forms of life call it home, from the coral reefs to the various species that live on more than 55 islands. The first successful colony was founded on Diego Garcia in 1793 under the French rule. The entire land area is a mere 56.1 km, with the largest island, Diego Garcia, having an area of 32.5 km2. The Chagos Archipelago is located in the Indian Ocean, and forms the British Indian Ocean Territory. (1971) Settlement and development of Diego Garcia. The Chagos islands were first discovered, uninhabited, in the 16th century. The Chagos Islanders have had few victories in their long battle to return from British-enforced exile to their archipelago homeland in the Indian Ocean. This book documents the past history of the Chagos including the first settlement on the islands in 1776 by Franco-Mauritian plantation owners and their slaves, through the change from French rule in 1814 when Mauritius and its dependencies became a British colony, and thence until the 1960s when the plantations and islands were sold to a Seychelles entrepreneur. Welcome! This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Chagos Archipelago article. The website collects documents, photographs, videos, and other materials and shares them freely online for anyone in the world. The Chagos Archipelago is made up of 65 coral islands in the Indian Ocean; it lies midway between Africa and Asia, 500 km south of the Maldives. The islands, which are home to US military base Diego Garcia, were separated from the former British territory of Mauritius during decolonization in 1968. According to Southern Maldivian oral tradition, local traders and fishermen were occasionally lost at sea and became stranded in one of the islands of the Chagos. …Seychelles colony, along with the Chagos Archipelago, formerly part of the Mauritius colony. In 1965, London detached … The Chagos Archipelago is made up of over 55 islands. We are people of African, Indian and Malay ancestry who inhabited the Chagos Islands, specifically Diego Garcia, Peros Banhos and the Salomon island chain, as well as other parts of the Chagos Archipelago situated in the Indian Ocean from the late 18th to the late 20th century. Atoll Research Bulletin 149:209-217, 'Their homecoming is not yet out of reach, not yet out of sight', Competing Claims to the Sea around Chagos, The British High Commissioners Valdedictory 2004, Damage from Military Anchoring in the Lagoon, Arbitral Tribunal under Annex VII of UNCLOS. Our History. Many Chagossians migrated to the U.K at their own expense, to claim their birth right. After emancipation, indentured Indians arrive helping to form a new, unique society and a people first known as the Ilwa. All these dependencies continued to be administered from Mauritius until 1903, when the Seychelles group was detached to form a separate Crown Colony. Many of them intermarried with the inhabitants, thus becoming ancestors to some of today’s Chagossians. After emancipation, indentured Indians arrive helping to form a new, unique society and a people first known as the Ilwa. Ask questions, get answers. The Chagos Islands were a part of the French colony of Mauritius which was taken over by the British Empire in 1814. ; Please sign and date your posts by typing four tildes ( ~~~~). The Chagos Archipelago consists of over 50 small islands in the Indian Ocean. The fate of an entire defenceless population would be sealed by the U.K. and the US with the complicity of Mauritius. The islands have been settled for less than 250 years and human activities have been conditioned, both commercially and militarily, from outside. The islands were discovered in the early sixteenth century by the Portuguese. The Chagossian people evolved their own distinctive Creole language and their own culture. For several decades the Chagos archipelago has been the cause of a dispute between Mauritius and the U.K., over the decision in 1965 to separate Diego Garcia from the rest of the archipelago for setting up the military base, in collaboration with the U.S. Mauritius, a British colony, achieved independence in 1968 but the U.K. refused to return the Chagos archipelago, claiming … A detailed and authoritative history of Mauritius, Réunion, and the other islands in the southwest Indian Ocean, including the Chagos can be found in: Abraham,G. From 1773 to 1810, the importance of the Chagos was greater than that of the island of Rodrigues. London: Chagos Conservation Trust. History The Chagos Archipelago is a group of 65 main tropical islands in the Indian Ocean, lying 500km south of the Maldives. “ (a) Was the process of decolonization of Mauritius lawfully completed when Mauritius was granted independence in 1968, following the separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius and having regard to international law, including obligations reflected in General Assembly resolutions 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, 2066 (XX) of 16 December 1965, 2232 (XXI) of 20 December 1966 … ; New to Wikipedia? During the Napoleonic wars Britain captured Mauritius and Réunion from the French. This is not a forum for general discussion of the article's subject. Discovered by the Portuguese in the early 16th century, it was for most of its history a dependency of Mauritius. ISBN 978-0-9954596-0-1. The late 1960’s and early 1970’s, saw an abrupt end to this unique and peaceful way of life. By the end of the 18 th century the population was 300. The entire land area of the islands is a … History of the Chagos Archipelago The history of the Chagos Archipelago has been short and chequered. It provides the definitive history of human discovery and habitation of the Chagos archipelago up to the point of de facto possession by the USA’s military. The islands of the Chagos Archipelago were uninhabited until the late 18th century, when the French established copra plantations using slave labour in 1793. The U.K government, at the request of the United States, began to expel the Chagossian people from their homeland between 1967 and 1973. • Wenban-Smith, N.; Carter, M. (2016). The Chagos Archipelago (/ ˈ tʃ ɑː ɡ ə s,-ɡ oʊ s /) or Chagos Islands (formerly the Bassas de Chagas, [3] and later the Oil Islands) are a group of seven atolls comprising more than 60 individual tropical islands in the Indian Ocean about 500 kilometres (310 mi) south of the Maldives archipelago. The image at the head of the page is an aerial shot of East Point Plantation from the lagoon. Various legal challenges and judgements resulted in the Chagossians repeatedly being denied the right to return to their islands. Between 1967 and 1973, Britain removed the Ilois, or Chagossians—inhabitants of the Chagos Archipelago, descended from African slaves and… As well as paying for transport to the U.K, Chagossians also had to pay for the immigration and permanent residency of close family members, including their own children. No Chagossians now inhabit the island, which once was home to … Officially part of the British Indian Ocean Territory, the Chagos were home to the Chagossians for more than a century and a half until the United Kingdom evicted them in the early 1970s in order to allow the United States to build a military base … In 1965 it was separated from Mauritius as part … The Chagos Archipelago is made up of 65 coral islands in the Indian Ocean; it lies midway between Africa and Asia, 500 km south of the Maldives. The group of islands was named ‘Basas de Chagas’ (‘Chagas’ in Portuguese means ‘Christ’s wounds’). Thus for many centuries the Chagos were ignored by their northern neighbours. Northern neighbours were often treated as second class chagos archipelago history, they were ceded to Britain Mauritius! Outer islands were also settled this traumatic experience of living in enforced exile are still visible in community. 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