different methods of teaching vocabulary

By Rebecca Alber. In Tools for Teaching Academic Vocabulary (Stenhouse, 2014) Janet Allen organizes academic vocabulary by context. 10 Fabulous Ways to Teach New Words. Oral Approach / Situational Language Teaching . Teachers can emphasize active processing by having students connect new meanings to words they already know. Generally, when it comes to teaching vocabulary, you will typically be presented with two options, and these are spelling or phonics. Lessard-Clouston provides a comprehensive overview of the place and importance of vocabulary in English language acquisition and teaching in an easy-to-follow guide that language teachers will find very practical for their own contexts. Our approach to English language learning utilizes the Communicative English Teaching Method, a way of teaching that employs a number of holistic techniques to English grammar, English vocabulary, spoken English, English listening, and English … 84. by Claudia Pesce 868,593 views. ESL teaching methods have come a long way in the past 60 years. They can then teach each other in groups. It doesn't need to be a scary subject though. For a more detailed analysis of the different methods, see Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching Richards, J. and Rodgers, T (1986) CUP Cambridge. Teaching word-learning strategies that students can use independently. Using words in context and modeling inquisitiveness is far more effective. 10 Common Classroom Problems. We can probably all agree that passive learning is not an effective teaching strategy to instruct vocabulary. Give your students a few items of vocabulary and tell them to find the meaning, pronunciation and write an example sentence with the word in. The Direct Methods focuses on the teaching of vocabulary whereas the Audio Lingual Method focuses on specific grammar teachings. Concrete vocabulary was taught through pictures and objects, while abstract vocabulary was taught by association of ideas ; The Direct Method enjoyed great popularity at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth but it was difficult to use, mainly because of the constraints of budget, time, and classroom size. Promoting Literacy DeveLoPment Reflecting on the nature of children’s learning of words confirms the strong relation-ship between vocabulary and comprehension and calls attention to the prominent place that vocabulary instruction should hold in the literacy program. Click Here for Step-by-Step Rules, Stories and Exercises to Practice All English Tenses. Direct: Roots-based Vocabulary . Pre-teaching this vocabulary will better equip students to comprehend the text. Techniques for Teaching Vocabulary to Elementary Students . Language teaching methodologies. The Direct Method Most TESOL/TEFL training progr ELC has been using the most up-to-date English teaching methods and providing high quality English courses since 1978. Method 2 was used on another group of 42 students selected at random. After all, over 60% of all English words contain Latin or Greek roots, prefixes, and suffixes. Studying Latin and Greek roots is certainly an effective way for students to build better vocabularies. When teaching new vocabulary, the method of delivery needs to be fresh and interesting for the students or else they will not remember the words. Intentional vocabulary teaching The two major types of vocabulary learning are deliberate and low-frequency. I find that this works very well. Just as with any skill, those who wish to enhance their vocabulary will need to learn how to read, speak, and write properly. Here’s a look at five high school vocabulary teaching methods that are fun, interesting and sure to engage students. Pre-teaching can take many different forms, such as a discussion about a vocabulary word, where the educator elicits what the students already know about it and provides further explanation. The communicative approach, which was in vogue in the late ’90s, is still widely considered as the latest advancement in modern language teaching. Popular Methods. So, I'm sitting in a workshop on vocabulary development listening to a bunch of research as to why kids lack the language to effectively … This was mostly because the American people at that time had little opportunity or reason to communicate with people of different language backgrounds. According to Michael Graves (2000), effective intentional vocabulary instruction includes: Teaching specific words (rich, robust instruction) to support understanding of texts containing those words. It is important to treat these types as complementary -rather than mutually exclusive- by using different vocabulary learning strategies and their combinations. IV. Two different methods of teaching French vocabulary were tried on two independent groups. Even a small tweak in your teaching methods can help to create a more productive and casual environment for both you and your students. , and for testing lexical items ; and finally for teaching and learning vocabulary using the different types of aids . Teaching Vocabulary 1: Different approaches: Unit 4 b) > v P µ P / v v ] } v o t µ l o v Z ] Z µ Z U E Á o v Á Á Á X o v P µ P X X v Ì There are different ways that the teacher can convey the meaning of a word in order to try and elicit it. Michael Lessard-Clouston’s book Teaching Vocabulary explores different approaches to teaching vocabulary in English language class- rooms. By using these strategies, teachers can begin to help all students engage in the language of science. Vocabulary Bingo. To achieve the mentioned goals, we did a systematic review to previously related studies and theories. The oral approach is a method in which children to use whatever hearing they get from their surroundings. Teaching everyday vocabulary and sentences. Read on to learn about four different vocabulary teaching strategies to work into your lesson plans! This is related to the Direct Method and just like its predecessor it only uses the target language. There are a variety of different methods teachers can deploy aside from the textbook and test method. By Gaetan Pappalardo. The biggest difference between the Audio Lingual Method and the Direct Method is its focus of teaching. Further, in case of teaching vocabulary, diverse methods particularly- keyword method, word map,restructuring reading materials, root analysis and so on can … The most popular methods involve letting students look for definitions in a dictionary, giving a detailed description of the appearance and qualities of the word or using synonyms to make students understand the new word. The following will outline 10 of the most common classroom problems faced when teaching English as a foreign language, and just how to solve them. The theory and techniques for teaching vocabulary may not be as fun as the ideas that I’ll share in the next post or as perusing the books in the last post, yet this is the theory applicable to all ages and types of readers. Ask students to classify a group of words into different categories. Time to talk . p>Teaching and learning vocabulary is an integral part of foreign language learning since it is the basic sub-skill for someone who wants to learn a foreign language. 1. Considering the number of new words students have to learn per course, this means us teachers have our work cut out for us. Students need to be explicitly taught methods for intentional vocabulary learning. Prepare worksheets and ask your students to match words to definitions. Tips for teaching vocabulary that include letting students select the words, putting away dictionaries, and creating time for talk and play with new terms. She explains there are four types of words: general academic words, domain- or discipline-specific terms, topic-specific vocabulary, and … Vocabulary learning types and low-frequency are important components in a vocabulary teaching program. Ways in which to liven up the introduction of new English vocabulary could include brainstorming around an existing word in the students’ vocabulary knowledge. Letters a to h describe different methods of getting the meaning of words across. While traditional methodologies such as the audio-lingual and direct methods still offer useful elements, they’re clearly outdated in the modern classroom. In the left-hand column below there are 8 words. Innovative Ways of Teaching Vocabulary: Different types of instructional modes, approaches, vocabulary building activities and skills proved to be effective in developing children and college students' vocabulary in L2 environments. Some of the characteristic of this approach are: Language teaching begin with spoken language. Janet Allen’s Academic Vocabulary. Various Methods for Teaching Vocabulary. December 17, 2010 Updated January 16, 2014. Before the 1950s, the emphasis, at least in the United States, was placed entirely on reading ability and not at all on communicative ability. May 16, 2011 Photo credit: Old Shoe Woman via flickr (CC BY-NC-SA 2.0) Updated 01/2014. The National Reading Panel (2000) concluded that there is no single research-based method for teaching vocabulary. Many times, … Listed below are brief summaries of some of the more popular second language teaching methods of the last half century. The present article seeks to respond to such challenge. In addition, I combine ‘fun’ ways of learning vocabulary, which can break up the monotony of traditional vocabulary teaching methods. Did you know that a student needs to encounter a new word 10 to 16 times to effectively "learn" it according to recent research? Alternative ways of teaching vocabulary . After one month the same vocabulary test was given to both groups. Method 1 was used with a group of 40 students selected at random. The method that you should use is dependent on your age and skill. Use this quiz/worksheet combo to help you test your understanding of teaching vocabulary techniques. Strategies for teaching science vocabulary . for Teaching Vocabulary SECTION. Finally, other methods exist to help students acquire vocabulary. They also take help from the context to understand and use language. The number of different English language teaching methods available may seem a little daunting when you first start teaching. From its analysis, the panel recommended using a variety of direct and indirect methods of vocabulary instruction. Students need multiple exposures to a word before they can fully understand it. The above model was proposed for analysing a lexical item to contrast two lexical systems of two languages, dialects, etc. Students become overly dependent on the teacher. The suggestions in this article are designed to enhance science vocabulary development for English proficient students, students who depend on school to learn academic English, and English language learners. The average score (out of 100) for the group using method 1 was 87 with standard deviation 4. Every Monday my seventh grade English teacher would have us copy a list of 25 words she'd written on the board. Vocabulary development is a critical aspect of teaching, especially in classes or schools with high populations of English Learners.Differentiating between the types of vocabulary can help teachers decide how much effort to put into teaching particular vocabulary words, as well as which strategies will be most effective when teaching the words. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. 4 New Methods of Teaching English in the Modern Classroom. The importance of vocabulary, its types, selection criteria, size and depth, and teaching principles were found unclear. Teaching English Vocabulary. Seeing and hearing you, the teacher, use the words of the week can encourage students to do the same. Other Methods. They also need to learn new words in context by reading. All of these methods allow my students the ability to develop their understanding of lexical items through repeated exposure and variety. It is the knowledge that will enable you to choose the right activities and strategies for your content and grade level. Proposed for analysing a lexical item to contrast two lexical systems of two languages, dialects etc! That you should use is dependent on your age and skill to h describe methods... Using the most up-to-date English teaching methods and providing high quality English since. Engage in the language of science 25 words she 'd written on teaching! List of 25 words she 'd written on the board words into different.... 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