gariep basin meaning

INTRODUCTION 1 2. basin translate: 容器, 盆;水盆, 一盆(的量), 洗手池;洗脸盆, 区域, 流域, 船坞;内湾. Tectonics 28:TC4002. Precambrian Res 90:1–28, Frimmel HE, Hartnady CJH (1992) Blue amphiboles and their significance for the metamorphic history of the Pan-African Gariep belt, Namibia. 2000. S Afr J Geol 103:191–206, Frimmel HE, Fölling PG (2004) Late Vendian closure of the Adamastor Ocean: timing of tectonic inversion and syn-orogenic sedimentation in the Gariep Basin. PDF | Neoproterozoic metasedimentary rocks in the foreland domains of the Kaoko-Dom Feliciano-Gariep orogenic system record sedimentation from the... | … The main tributaries of the Orange are the Senqu in Lesotho, the Vaal in South Africa and the Fish in Namibia. Millpress, Rotterdam, pp 661–664, Frimmel HE et al (1996a) Geochemistry and tectonic setting of magmatic units in the Pan-African Gariep Belt, Namibia. Contrib Miner Petrol 160:777–801, Ritter U (1980) The Precambrian evolution of the eastern Richtersveld. Commun Geol Surv Namib 12:179–186, Frimmel HE (2008a) The Gariep Belt. The wall is 88 m high and has a crest length of 914 m and contains approximately 1.73 million m³ of concrete. Using this analysis for several ecosystem services across the Gariep basin emphasized the spatial congruence of areas important for food production and biodiversity conservation in the Gariep Basin and emphasizes the importance of making vital land-use trade-off decisions to secure multiple ecosystem services in some areas. Precambrian Res 292:417–451, McMillan MD (1968) The geology of the Witputs-Sendelingsdrif area. The San called the Orange the “Dragon River ”. Precambrian Res 100:3–20, Konopásek J et al (2014) Timing and sources of pre-collisional Neoproterozoic sedimentation along the SW margin of the Congo Craton (Kaoko Belt, NW Namibia). The belt is subdivided into an eastern para-autochthonous zone, consisting of rift graben and … The Orange River (Afrikaans/Dutch: Oranjerivier), Gariep River, Groote River or Senqu River is the longest river in South Africa.It rises in the Drakensberg mountains in Lesotho, flowing westwards through South Africa to the Atlantic Ocean.The river forms part of the international borders between South Africa and Namibia and between South Africa and Lesotho, as well as several … Little growth occurred up until 1800, with expansion starting in the 19th century with the arrival of Europeans and continuing at a steady pace during the 20th century. Precambrian Res 182:239–253, Frimmel HE (2011) The Kaigas and Numees Formations, Port Nolloth Group, in South Africa and Namibia. Special thanks go to the guest editors, S. Siegesmund and M. A. S. Basei, for the invitation to contribute this chapter, and to the latter also for his repeated company during field work in Namibia and South Africa. Memoirs, vol 36, pp 195–209, Hoffman PF, Schrag DP (2002) The snowball Earth hypothesis: testing the limits of global change. Bulletin, vol 26, pp 1–276, Robb LJ, Armstrong RA, Waters DJ (1999) The history of granulite-facies metamorphism and crustal growth from single zircon U-Pb geochronology: Namaqualand, South Africa. The study recognizes that the area has problematic environmental conditions such as aridity as well as disproportionately distributed rainfall runoff. In: Cordani UG et al (eds) Tectonic Evolution of South America, Rio de Janeiro, pp 195–229, Porada H (1989) Pan-African rifting and orogenesis in Southern to Equatorial Africa and Eastern Brazil. 4 to control nature, a number of similar projects were spawned all over the world. This is a preview of subscription content, Alchin DJ et al (2005) Stratigraphic setting of the metalliferous Rosh Pinah Formation and the Spitzkop and Koivib Suites in the Pan-African Gariep Belt, southwestern Namibia. Foster DA et al (2009) Rapid exhumation of deep crust in an obliquely convergent orogen: the Kaoko Belt of the Damara Orogen. pp 353-386 | Gariep Local Municipality - Gariep Local Municipality is a defunct local municipality in Joe Gqabi District Municipality, Eastern Cape. It was built by Dumez, a French construction company. We reached the town of Oviston at 12H30 and realized that we could reach Broekspruit in time before the sun sat too low. Geological Society of London. Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, 9–12 Oct 2011, Minneapolis, Paper No. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage, adoption, and even physical characteristics (like red hair). I'm 55 years old and I have been going to Big Basin for as long as I can … This assessment report is the result of the multiple-scale southern Africa sub-global assessment (SAfMA), which investigated the condition and trends of ecosystem services and human well-being in the Gariep basin from 1993 to 2003, as well as future scenarios and possible responses to ecosystem change. Subbasin definition is - a geological basin formed within or as part of another basin. Precambrian Res 280:147–160. doi: Frimmel HE (1995) Metamorphic evolution of the Gariep Belt. The Gariep River is nearly 2500 km long and drains a catchment of around 1 000 000 km 2, including half of South Africa, substantial areas of Namibia and Botswana, and practically the whole of Lesotho (Moolman, 1946). Precambrian Res 155:139–158, Gray DR, Foster DA et al (2008) A Damara orogen perspective on the assembly of southwestern Gondwana. Eventual exhumation and erosion fed detritus into the Nama foreland basin. Geology 40:827–830, Lenz C et al (2011) U-Pb SHRIMP ages for the Cerro Bori orthogneisses, Dom Feliciano Belt in Uruguay: evidences of a ∼800 Ma magmatic and ∼650 Ma metamorphic event. ... indicate sedimentation in the Gariep Basin from continental break‐up around 770 Ma to basin closure and continent collision around 545 Ma. Precambrian Res 105:57–71, Frimmel HE, Jonasson I (2003) The controls on Neoproterozoic base metal sulphide mineralization. We estimate mean Holocene displacement rates towards the tip of the Psatha Fault in the range 0.7–0.8 mm year −1. In: Gaucher C et al (eds) Neoproterozoic-Cambrian tectonics, global change and evolution: a focus on Southwestern Gondwana. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Owing to its generally low metamorphic grade, the rocks exposed in the Gariep Belt provide an excellent record of Neoproterozoic Earth history from continental break-up, multiple glaciations, opening of a narrow oceanic basin, to continental collision in the course of Gondwana assembly. Mem Geol Surv S Afr 79:1–163, Gresse PG (1994) Strain partitioning in the southern Gariep Arc as reflected by sheath folds and stretching lineations. How to use subbasin in a sentence. Kariba, Cahora Bassa and Gariep Dam are examples in Southern Africa. Water resources modelling, Baseline scenario, yield anaysis, stochastic verification and ... stochastic verification and validation / Integrated Water Resources Management Plan for the Orange-Senqu River Basin – Phase 3 3.3 Definition and selection of scenarios 31 4. The prevailing glacial conditions at around 750 Ma are indicated by an older diamictite (Kaigas Formation), which is overlain by first regionally persistent carbonate deposits in the succession. S Afr J Geol 103:207–214, Frimmel HE (2000b) The Pan-African Gariep Belt in southwestern Namibia and western South Africa. In: Arnaud E et al (eds) The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations. CONTEXT 1 2.1 General Context 1 2.2 An IWRM Plan for the Orange-Senqu Basin 3 3. Geological Society, London. The completed global-scale storylines are translated into regional stories. Contractional deformation was largely transpressive, directed towards the southeast, with a strong sinistral wrench component along its eastern margin, and led to a fold-thrust belt with a steep orogenic front against a basement ramp in the east and southeast. GSA Today 8(5):1–9, Hunter DR, Reid DL (1987) Mafic dyke swarms in southern Africa. Precambrian Research Unit, University of Cape Town. We keep adding meaning and other info to all names. Sbu Jali 9th Aug 2016 Geography Comments Off on List of drainage basins of South Africa 2,819 Views. I thank the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences for providing office space during my sabbatical, during which the manuscript was drafted. So far, no evidence of the global c. 635 Ma Marinoan glaciation has been detected in the Gariep Belt and it is speculated that the area was land at that time. Memoirs, vol 36, pp 173–184, Meert JG, Torsvik TH (2003) The making and unmaking of a supercontinent: Rodinia revisited. We carried on and entered the vast Oviston Basin, turning north into it, navigating in the center of the waterway. The dam crest is some 1300m (4250ft) above sea level. Watch in this video how to say and pronounce "gariep"! Int J Earth Sci 103:1187–1202, Hoffman P (2011) Glaciogenic and associated strata of the Otavi carbonate platform and foreslope, northern Namibia: evidence for large base-level and glacioeustatic changes. In: Halls HC, Fahrig WF (eds) Mafic dyke swarms. In: Arnaud E et al (eds) The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations, Geological Society London. The Khois’ name for the Orange-Senqu River downstream from the confluence of the Vaal River was Gariep, meaning “big water” or “great river ”, whilst the upper part was known as Nu-Gariep or “Black River ”. The structure is a concrete gravity-arch hybrid dam. Hydrology. There is trade off in the water usage for electricity and inter-basin transfer for water in other areas like Port_ElizabethOrange-Fish River Tunnel Basin Transfer Schema construction 1972 (Port_Elizabeth) on YouTube, Sunset at Oviston Nature Reserve on the dam's southern shores, Water consumption, outflow, derivative usages and diversions, Videos - Opening | Documentaries | Construction, Last edited on 31 December 2020, at 02:27, Department of Water - Orange River Basin - Map and flow diagrams, Orange-Fish River Tunnel Basin Transfer Schema construction 1972, List of reservoirs and dams in South Africa, "State of Dams in Provinces as on 20080901", "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)", https://www.gfrwua.com/orange-river-project, http://www.dwa.gov.za/orange/Mid_Orange/fish-sun.htm, Official Opening of the Orange River Dam in South Africa, Short Documentary on the dam construction and motivations thereof (1 of 3 planned dams), Orange-Fish River Tunnel Basin Transfer Schema Construction 1972 - Technical illustrations & diagrams, Orange-Fish River Tunnel Basin Transfer Schema Construction - Footage, 4K Aerial footage of Dam, bridge, campsite, amenities, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gariep_Dam&oldid=997345670, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 02:27. It is in a gorge at the entrance to the Ruigte Valley some 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) east of Norvalspont. Oriolo S et al (in press) Contemporaneous assembly of Western Gondwana and final Rodinia break-up: Implications for the supercontinent cycle. Dietrich Reimer, Berlin, 321 pp, Kennedy MJ (2001) Are Proterozoic cap carbonates and isotopic excursions a record of gas hydrate destabilization following Earth’s coldest intervals? So keep visiting again . J Petrol 40:1747–1770, Rogers AW (1916) The geology of part of Namaqualand. A Cryptic Hydropolitical History of the Nile Basin for Students of Hydropolitics . Not affiliated The Neoproterozoic to Early Cambrian Gariep Belt in southwestern Namibia and westernmost South Africa, together with the Damara and Kaoko belts further north and the Saldania Belt to the south, forms an important part of the larger network of Pan-African/Brasiliano orogenic belts in SW-Gondwana. Gariep Dam (town) - Gariep Dam (Afrikaans: Gariepdam), founded as "Oranjekrag", is a settlement in Xhariep District Municipality in the Free State (province) of … Gariep Dam located in South Africa, near the town of Norvalspont, bordering the Free State and Eastern Cape provinces. Ore Geol Rev 28:493–506, Jiang G et al (2007) Carbon isotope variability across the Ediacaran Yangtze platform in South China: implications for a large surface-to-deep ocean δ, Kaiser E (1926) Die Diamanten Wüste. The timing of oceanic magmatism is estimated at 610 Ma. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 183–203, Goscombe B, Gray DR (2007) The coastal terrane of the Kaoko Belt, Namibia: outboard arc-terrane and tectonic significance. ABSTRACT The Pan‐African Gariep Belt in south‐western Namibia and westernmost South Africa provides an excellent window into the interplay between tectonic and climatic changes during the Neoproterozoic era. A very careful examination of the manuscript by an anonymous reviewer is much appreciated. J Geol 104:459–469, Frimmel HE et al (2001) Dating Neoproterozoic continental break-up in the Richtersveld Igneous Complex, South Africa. Basin Res 14:55–67, Frimmel HE et al (2006) Provenance and chemostratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic West Congolian Group in the Democratic Republic of Congo. Gariep Dam completed; storage capacity (5341 million cubic metres) equal to roughly one-third of Gariep basin’s total runoff : 1971: Water Research Commission created to initiate and fund water management research projects : 1975: Orange-Fish Tunnel begins delivering water from Gariep … | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Science 270:598–604, Hanson RE et al (2011) Constraints on Neoproterozoic intraplate magmatism in the Kalahari Craton: geochronology and paleomagnetism of ~890–795 Ma extension-related igneous rocks in SW Namibia and adjacent parts of South Africa. Precambrian Res 185:149–163, Lohmeyer M (2013) Methodische Entwicklung GIS-basierter geogener Rohstoffpotentialkarten am Beispiel des südwestlichen Namibia. S Afr J Geol 98:176–190, Frimmel HE (2000a) New U-Pb zircon ages for the Kuboos pluton in the Pan-African Gariep belt, South Africa: Cambrian mantle plume or far field collision effect? Pretoria. Precambrian Res 139:195–221, Basei MAS et al (2008) West Gondwana amalgamation based on detrital zircon ages from Neoproterozoic Ribeira and Dom Feliciano belts of South America and comparison with coeval sequences from SW Africa. Commun Geol Surv Namib 12:197–209, Frimmel HE (2000c) The stratigraphy of the Chameis Sub-terrane in the Gariep Belt in southwestern Namibia. In South African English, 'dam' refers both to the structure and the water volume it retains. Gariep is San for “Great water”, and is the original name of the Orange River. They actually help keep the forest healthy, cleaning out the understory — the underlying layer of vegetation— and helping redwoods and sequoias to sprout new seeds.. Big Basin Redwoods State Park, captured by Stephanie Wu (Stephanie Wu). Geology 31:459–462, Grotzinger JP et al (1995) Biostratigraphic and geochronologic constraints on early animal evolution. Precambrian Research Unit, University of Cape Town. The Gariep belt evolved from an ocean basin, the so-called Adamastor ocean, that separated the Kalahari craton of southern Africa from the Rio de la Plata craton in South America. In: Eliopoulos DG et al (eds) Mineral exploration and sustainable development. Oriolo S et al (2016b) Timing of deformation in the Sarandí del Yí Shear Zone, Uruguay: implications for the amalgamation of the Western Gondwana during the Neoproterozoic Brasiliano–Pan-African Orogeny. Post-orogenic alkaline magmatism affected the southern part of the belt and the adjoining basement at 507 ± 6 Ma. The formation of oceanic crust in the Marmora Terrane is explained by the reactivation of a previous rift-graben as back-arc basin behind the large 640–590 Ma Cuchilla Dionisio-Pelotas magmatic arc in the Dom Feliciano Belt in southeastern Brazil and Uruguay. Precambrian Research Unit, University of Cape Town. As with the above, replacement of feldspathic arenite and limestone characterises the mineralisation, which is, however, far more cupriferous. Unpublished MSc thesis, College of Science and Engineering, Texas Christian University, Austin, Basei MAS et al (2005) A connection between the Neoproterozoic Dom Feliciano (Brazil/Uruguay) and Gariep (Namibia/South Africa) orogenic belts—evidence from a reconnaissance provenance study. Precambrian Res 73:137–151, Germs GJB et al (2009) Syn- to late-orogenic sedimentary basins of southwestern Africa. In South African English, 'dam' refers both to the structure and the water volume it retains. "Search Ends When Sharing Starts" If you already know the meaning of Gariep in English or in any other language, Please contribute that will helpful for other users, also you can edit any data like gender, pronunciation and origin to improve accuracy. Geology 44:955–958, Ransome IGD (1992) The geochemistry, kinematics and geodynamics of the Gannakouriep dyke swarm. This service is more advanced with JavaScript available, Geology of Southwest Gondwana This coincided with the current examination and modelling of the supply and use of ecosystem goods and services in the Gariep Basin as part of the Southern African Millennium Assessment (SAfMA). Agricultural Research Council sedimentation in the center of the Orange the “ Dragon River ” global., Cahora Bassa and Gariep Dam is the largest storage reservoir in South Africa the global-scale. At Oviston was not yet visible Gariep Arc in southern Africa - Gariep Municipality. 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