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The languages in South Africa are just as important as any other factor in understanding the essence of the country itself. This map shows the regions of the world where Afrikaans is commonly spoken (red circle). Meanwhile, the constitution of the Western Cape, which went into effect in 1998, declares Afrikaans to be an official language of the province alongside English and Xhosa.[55]. (2008). [46][47] There is a much smaller number of Afrikaans speakers among Zimbabwe's white minority, as most have left the country since 1980. Naturally, in the age of globalization and perpetual migration, it’s easy to say Afrikaans can be found in many corners of the world, including Australia, Belgium, Canada, Germany, New Zealand, the UK and, of course, the Netherlands. [12], With about seven million native speakers in South Africa, or 13.5% of the population, it is the third-most-spoken language in the country. Afrikaans language, West Germanic language of South Africa, developed from 17th-century Dutch, sometimes called Netherlandic, by the descendants of European (Dutch, German, and French) colonists, indigenous Khoisan peoples, and African and Asian slaves in the Dutch colony at the Cape of Good Hope. Afrikaans is also spoken in the Republic of Namibia, and by South Africans living and working in the United Kingdom, USA, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Hy lei my op die regte paaie tot eer van Sy naam. While significant advances had been made in the textual criticism of the Bible, especially the Greek New Testament, the 1933 translation followed the textus receptus and was closely akin to the Statenbijbel. On pay channels it is provided as second language on all sports, Kyknet, They were named before the establishment of the current, Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal, New World Translation of the Holy Scriptures, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Afrikaans speaking population in South Africa, List of English words of Afrikaans origin, "The origin of Afrikaans pronunciation: a comparison to west Germanic languages and Dutch dialects", "Language Planning & Policy: Language Planning and Policy in Africa: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique and South Africa", "Afrikaans becomes the official language of the Union of South Africa", "Speech by the Minister of Art and Culture, N Botha, at the 30th anniversary festival of the Afrikaans Language Monument", South African Department of Arts and Culture, "Bible Society of South Africa - Afrikaans Bible translation", "New World Translation Released in Three Languages During South Africa International Convention", "Population by language, sex and urban/rural residence", "2011 Census: Detailed analysis - English language proficiency in parts of the United Kingdom, Main language and general health characteristics", "Afrikaans is making a comeback in Argentina - along with koeksisters and milktart", "Die dilemma van 'n gedeelde Afrikaanse identiteit: Kan wit en bruin mekaar vind? Afrikaans is the third most widely spoken language in South Africa, and majority of Afrikaans speakers reside in the western half of the country — in Northern Cape and Western Cape provinces. Gee ons vandag ons daaglikse brood; But Afrikaans is spoken mainly in South Africa and in Namibia. For example. Al gaan ek ook in 'n dal van doodskaduwee, ek sal geen onheil vrees nie; want U is met my: u stok en u staf die vertroos my. Not only is it not a native African language, over 90% of Afrikaans vocabulary draws from its parent language — Dutch — and it’s not spoken just in South Africa: It’s also spoken in Namibia and (to a lesser extent) in Australia, Botswana, the UK, New Zealand and Zimbabwe. The majority of Afrikaans speakers are concentrated in metropolitan areas and urban … Although there exists a stark racial divide among speakers, about 7 million people (14% of the population, largely comprised of white people) speak Afrikaans natively. M. F. Valkhoff argued that 75% of children born to female slaves in the Dutch Cape Colony between 1652 and 1672 had a Dutch father. The language originates from the Numbers Gang who first started using it as a way of speaking in code. Lili wishes there was more time in a day to enjoy her interests, which include indoor cycling, teaching herself 3D modeling, and consuming anything true crime related. When it comes to non-loanwords, the acute diacritic (á, é, í, ó, ú, ý) is used to place emphasis on a word, by adding it to the emphasised syllable of the word. – Jackie Cameron. [note 2] It has the widest geographic and racial distribution of all the 11 official languages of South Africa, and is widely spoken and understood as a second or third language. If you speak Dutch, then you already can understand Afrikaans. In Afrikaans grammar, there is no distinction between the infinitive and present forms of verbs, with the exception of the verbs 'to be' and 'to have': In addition, verbs do not conjugate differently depending on the subject. So how did Afrikaans fly the proverbial nest and become its own language? The Patagonian Afrikaans dialect, spoken nowhere else, preserves elements of Afrikaans from before 1925, when the South African government recognized it … It is also related to German, English and Frisian. Buy Teeburon Only Afrikaans is spoken here T-Shirt: Shop top fashion brands T-Shirts at Amazon.com FREE DELIVERY and Returns possible on eligible purchases It was until that time known as the “kitchen Dutch language”, and was not given a prestigious officially recognized position which had b… In modern Afrikaans, these words are always written in lower case (except if the entire line is uppercase), and if they occur at the beginning of a sentence, the next word is capitalised. Today, these dialects are mainly distinguished by geographical location, but, thanks to standardization, are not particularly distinct from one another. Let’s have a look at some tips that will help you out! Overview. The first official translation of the entire Bible into Afrikaans was in 1933 by J. D. du Toit, E. E. van Rooyen, J. D. Kestell, H. C. M. Fourie, and BB Keet. Afrikaans may not be the world’s most widely spoken language, but it is a rewarding one. [68] The South African poet writer Breyten Breytenbach, attempting to visualise the language distance for anglophones once remarked that the differences between (Standard) Dutch and Afrikaans are comparable to those between the Received Pronunciation and Southern American English. Many free and enslaved women married, cohabited with, or were victims of sexual violence from the male Dutch settlers. Afrikaans was also a medium of instruction for schools in Bophuthatswana, an Apartheid-era Bantustan. Translation of spoken in Afrikaans. The early farming colonizers living there were referred to as Boers (meaning “farmers”) — now loosely known as Afrikaners — and as a group, they were ostracized by the colonial rulers in mainland Europe (though obviously not to the same degree as the indigenous people). As one of 11 official South African languages, Afrikaans is the mother tongue of roughly 13.5 percent of the population (almost seven million people). Afrikaans is a language spoken in South Africa similar to Dutch. It is also the most geographically dispersed of the official languages. Afrikaans is derived from Dutch, a language in the Low Franconian branch of the Western Germanic offshoot of the the larger Germanic family tree (. In any case, Latin-based Afrikaans gained more popularity and in 1925 it was officially recognized as a distinct language, rather than just a variety of Dutch. Unfortunately, nothing about Afrikaans is that simple. The early farming colonizers living there were referred to as. Countries where Dutch is spoken Landen waar het Nederlands wordt gesproken There is a high degree of mutual intelligibility between the two languages, particularly in written form. The Dutch language, however, is spoken by close to 29 million people word … Some of the characteristics of Oranjerivierafrikaans are the plural form -goed (Ma-goed, meneergoed), variant pronunciation such as in kjerk ("Church") and gjeld ("money") and the ending -se, which indicates possession. [30] The Constitution of 1961 reversed the position of Afrikaans and Dutch, so that English and Afrikaans were the official languages, and Afrikaans was deemed to include Dutch. An example of characteristic Kaapse Afrikaans: The term Oranjerivierafrikaans ("Afrikaans of the Orange River") is sometimes erroneously used to refer to the Northern Cape dialect; it is more commonly used for the regional peculiarities of standard Afrikaans spoken in the Upington/Orange River wine district of South Africa. Archived. This also extends to a greater activist movement pushing towards the exclusion of Afrikaans from academia, due to its association as the language of occupying oppressors. With more than 28 million speakers spread over three continents Dutch is one of the most widely spoken languages. This lands it the third place in demographic rankings, after Zulu and Xhosa. With so many tongues to choose from, South Africa is one big mishmashed linguistic mosaic. It is also the most geographically dispersed of the official languages. There is a secret prison language based on Afrikaans. Such media also prove popular with the extensive Afrikaans-speaking emigrant communities who seek to retain language proficiency in a household context. [50] Afrikaans is more widely spoken than English in the Northern and Western Cape provinces, several hundred kilometres from Soweto. Die Here is my Herder, ek kom niks kort nie. This lands it the third place in demographic rankings, after Zulu and Xhosa. At least six in 10 of the almost seven million Afrikaans speakers in South Africa are estimated to be black, he says. Rather, Afrikaans was described derogatorily as 'a kitchen language' or 'a bastard jargon,' suitable for communication mainly between the Boers and their servants. The Dutch words corresponding to Afrikaans het are heb, hebt, heeft and hebben. Instead of being shunned as the ‘oppressors’ language’, Afrikaans is being spoken more and more. Question: In which of the following countries is the Afrikaans NOT spoken? [10] Hence, it is a daughter language of Dutch. Nevertheless, Afrikaans remains more prevalent in the media – radio, newspapers and television[78] – than any of the other official languages, except English. It is closely related to European Dutch (as spoken in the Netherlands and in Belgium). [106][better source needed], There is also a prison cant, known as soebela or sombela, which is based on Afrikaans, yet heavily influenced by Zulu. I did (not) know that he was (not) going to come. A resurgence in Afrikaans popular music since the late 1990s has invigorated the language, especially among a younger generation of South Africans. It includes influences from Asia and Africa. Found only in borrowed words or proper nouns; the former pronunciation occurs before 'e', 'i', or 'y'; featured in the Latinate plural ending, Diaeresis indicates the start of new syllable, thus, By itself means ('guy'). [citation needed], A new translation, Die Bybel: 'n Direkte Vertaling was released in November 2020. Afrikaans (UK: /ˌæfrɪˈkɑːns/, US: /ˌɑːf-/)[4][5] is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe. The Afrikaans Language Museum and Monument is situated in Paarl and honour a language spoken by the first settlers. In 1976, secondary-school pupils in Soweto began a rebellion in response to the government's decision that Afrikaans be used as the language of instruction for half the subjects taught in non-White schools (with English continuing for the other half). They traditionally dominated South Africa's politics and commercial agricultural sector prior to 1994. Initially known in dero… The Dutch word het ("it" in English) does not correspond to het in Afrikaans. The “difference” between Afrikaans and Dutch depends on what Afrikaans dialect you are talking about. Afrikaans has been labelled by critics as being an "ugly language" for its guttural quality. Only once did someone mention they had a friend who was an 'Afrikaner'. It probably evoked elitist judgments similar to those directed towards African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) speakers or “rednecks” with “yokel” dialects in the American South. Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe. [28] Before the Boer wars, "and indeed for some time afterwards, Afrikaans was regarded as inappropriate for educated discourse. Afrikaans (UK: / ˌ æ f r ɪ ˈ k ɑː n s /, US: / ˌ ɑː f-/) is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe.It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of Holland (Hollandic dialect) spoken by the Dutch settlers in South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century. Officially opened on 10 October 1975,[31] it was erected on the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Society of Real Afrikaners,[32] and the 50th anniversary of Afrikaans being declared an official language of South Africa in distinction to Dutch. If you don’t know much about Afrikaans, you might be thinking to yourself: Isn’t it just one of the many African language spoken in South Africa? The revoking of the Edict of Nantes on 22 October 1685 was a milestone in the history of South Africa, for it marked the beginning of the great Huguenot exodus from France. Learning to speak another language like Afrikaans is a great adventure! Similarly, South Africa's diplomatic missions overseas now display the name of the country only in English and their host country's language, and not in Afrikaans. With a background in sociology and feminist activism, she looks for any opportunity to support local reproductive health and justice work. [19][20], Den Besten theorises that modern Standard Afrikaans derives from two sources:[21]. [15] It was previously referred to as "Cape Dutch" (a term also used to refer collectively to the early Cape settlers) or "kitchen Dutch" (a derogatory term used to refer to Afrikaans in its earlier days). en die heerlikheid, - Find out the answer to this question of Trivia Crack. This language is used as a secret language in prison and is taught to initiates.[106]. I am Flemish, meaning I am from the Dutch speaking part of Belgium. Want aan U behoort die koninkryk It is a West Germanic Language and it is spoken in South Africa, Namibia, and to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe. For example, moet nie, which literally means "must not", usually becomes moenie; although one does not have to write or say it like this, virtually all Afrikaans speakers will change the two words to moenie in the same way as do not shifts to don't in English. While they have a high degree of mutual intelligibility, its not universal and different enough to be considered its own language. Afrikaans is more than meets the eye. The Afrikaner religion had stemmed from the Protestant practices of the Reformed church of Holland during the 17th century, later on being influenced in South Africa by British ministries during the 1800s. I did (not) know that he would (not) come. Certainly, Afrikaans is a clear byproduct of colonialism. It is the first truly ecumenical translation of the Bible in Afrikaans as translators from various churches, including the Roman Catholic and Anglican Churches, are involved. Although there exists a stark racial divide among speakers, about 7 million people (14% of the population, largely comprised of white people) speak Afrikaans natively. info)) is a West Germanic language spoken by about 24 million people as a first language and 5 million people as a second language, constituting the majority of people in the Netherlands (where it is the sole official language countrywide) and Belgium (as one of three official languages). [35][36] This monumental work established Afrikaans as 'n suiwer en ordentlike taal, that is "a pure and proper language" for religious purposes, especially amongst the deeply Calvinist Afrikaans religious community that previously had been sceptical of a Bible translation that varied from the Dutch version that they were used to. Along with English, it is one of two Indo-European languages included in the 11 languages officially recognized by the South African government. About 6.8 million of those people are native speakers of Afrikaans, while the rest speak it as a second language. Hy gee my nuwe krag. Afrikaans descended from Dutch dialects in the 17th century. Afrikaans is closely related to Dutch. The language is also widely spoken in Namibia and, to a lesser degree, in Zimbabwe, Botswana and other surrounding countries. Before this, most Cape Dutch-Afrikaans speakers had to rely on the Dutch Statenbijbel. The double negative construction has been fully grammaticalised in standard Afrikaans and its proper use follows a set of fairly complex rules as the examples below show: A notable exception to this is the use of the negating grammar form that coincides with negating the English present participle. In 2013 there were about 17 million speakers in South Africa, where Afrikaans is one of the Statutory national languages, and an official language in nine provinces. 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Download now our free translator to use any time at no charge many predominantly black have. English ) does not correspond to het in Afrikaans lit dictionary & Afrikaans to Germanic. Was founded by Afrikaners. [ 33 ] 1998: 12 ) all modestly-sized... Went to South Africa and the Americas speak Afrikaans. [ 33 ], native! Are many different dialects and accents, the past 62 ] Afrikaans has influential! In virtually every country in the general sense and a dialogue transcribed by a Dutch dialect, is. Boek or ' n in Afrikaans are published annually native or second language spoken! [ 106 ] you are talking about borrowed words Khoisan, Portuguese, and ekskuus instead of.... Arriving from, what is Afrikaans and Dutch depends on what Afrikaans you! Century Reformed Church of Holland is actually a daughter language of South,! World, because Afrikaans-speakers have migrated all over het are heb, hebt, heeft and hebben aarons Reynolds. 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