musk deer is protected in which park

It is possible to remove the gland without killing the deer, but this is seldom done. Rishikesh is the nearest rail head at a distance of 212 km (132 mi) from Chopta. It is one of the popular offbeat places in Uttarakhand located at a short distance of 54 kilometres from Pithoragarh near Askot. In 2016, the Korean company Sooam Biotech was reported to be attempting to clone the Siberian musk deer to help conserve the species. Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae. It is largely nocturnal, and migrates only over short distances. 874–881. [2][3] Lakes, waterfall and high-rise mountain peaks abound in this forest belt, as do a number of old Hindu pilgrimage sites - Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Rudranath, Kedarnath, Triyuginarayan and Kalpeshwar all are located within or on the periphery of the sanctuary. Due to enchroachments ,and climate change ,many of these are endangered and threatened. We studied anthropogenic pressure on the musk deer population in the Khaptad National Park, Nepal. The number of visitors to the Kedarnath shrine, who passed through the sanctuary, was 5,57,923 in 2007 as against 87,629 in 1987, a quantum jump in 20 years. Declining population (over 40% in 21 years) of this species and large scale poaching for profit, dictated the decision to declare it as an endangered animal (EN) in 1973 (Halloway, 1973) and the species was listed vulnerable in the red data book of IUCN in 1974. [1][2][3][15][16], Other scientific activities centered around the sanctuary have been: the high-altitude botanical field station established at Tungnath (3,500 m or 11,500 ft) by the Garhwal University; further ecological studies of the ungulates; WWF on ecology of the Himalayan musk deer and other ungulates near Tungnath, together with surveys of the mammalian fauna and avifauna; and fish fauna studies in the Mandakini River.[2]. • Ungulates are Indian boar (Sus scrofa cristatus), Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster), and Indian muntjac. This species was originally described as a subspecies to the alpine musk deer, but is now classified as a separate species.The deer stand at 60 cm (2.0 ft) tall, and only males … The white-bellied musk deer is protected by law in Bhutan, Nepal, and India. Anyone who illegally hunts, catches, sells, or trades musk and deer will be prosecuted. The musk deer is a small compact deer. The Himalayan musk deer ... there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and maintain essential ecological processes and life support systems. Other temples, though not of matching importance, have strong legends related to the epic Mahabharata days. Their small shape allows them to hide from predators through tiny openings in the rocky terrain and also allow them to run exceptionally fast from their predators. For nature lovers, the ride from Pithoragarh to Askot during spring is mesmerizing, filled … The South West summer monsoon rains recorded is the mean annual precipitation of 3,093 mm (122 in). The rocky location provides crevices and crags for the musk deer to hide from many predators, such as lynx and wolverines. Wild Russia. It is hunted for its musk gland, which fetches prices as high as $45,000 per kilogram. Available at: "Fanged deer not extinct, still roaming the mountains of Afghanistan", "Moschus moschiferus (Siberian musk deer)", "Inside the cloning factory that creates 500 new animals a day", https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/fanged-deer-not-extinct-still-roaming-mountains-afghanistan-180953228/, "Species profile: Moschus moschiferus, Siberian musk deer", "Species profile: Siberian Musk Deer - Moschus moschiferus", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Siberian_musk_deer&oldid=999497369, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Russian Federation, Sakhalin population: 600-500, Russian Federation, the Eastern Siberian population: 27,000-30,000, Russian Federation, Far Eastern population: 150,000, Democratic People's Republic of Korea: unknown, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 13:55. It is believed that these farms will play a significant role in musk deer welfare and conservation. Visiting season is from April to June and again from September to November. For a long period, China cut more of its forest than they could replant. Lion (Panthera leo persica) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India. On the basis of rainfall of 3,050 mm (120 in) recorded near Tungnath in 1979-81, the monsoon rain (June to September) was about 81% while snow precipitation during December–March was 11%. Sagarmatha National Park The Sagarmatha (Mt. Single horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India. The Divisional Forest Officer(DFO) Kedarnath Wildlife Division is responsible for scientific management of the wildlife sanctuary as per the approved management plan. Watch. The poachers are from outside the national park and the buffer zone but it is strongly believed that they can never approach these areas without the support of the local people. [4][5] IUCN has reported that "From 44.4% to 48.8% of the sanctuary is forested, 7.7% comprises alpine meadows and scrub, 42.1% is rocky or under permanent snow and 1.5% represents formerly forested areas that have been degraded. In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is protected as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom (2000) and also under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law. Musk deer (Moschus moschiferus): Reinvestigation of main lipid components from preputial gland secretion. Conservation works get further delayed as sanctuaries receive money towards the end of the … nov., Glyptothorax spp. It lies within the larger Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows of alpine ecoregion of India, Nepal and Tibet,[6] The sanctuary is at its higher altitudes is characterised by glaciers which through glacial action over centuries have created deep "v" shaped valleys. Achievements in the Life Sciences, 8(1), 65–71. It is most common in the taiga of southern Siberia, but is also found in parts of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria and the Korean peninsula. The approach to Kedarnath Temple is only through the sanctuary. [1][2] Since 1972, the area of the park has expanded from 967–975 ha (2,390–2,409 acres). Linkin Park wissen sich zu inszenieren: cooles Artwork, auffällige Musikvideos (etwa das Anime zu Breaking the habit), schickes Booklet mit Lyrics, Linernotes, Fotos. Once the male and the female deer have procreated, the females will become pregnant lasting over 6 months and can give birth to 1-3 offspring, usually between the months of May through June. In 1972, India enacted the Wildlife Protection Act and Project Tiger to safeguard the habitats of conservation reliant species. Only a few tens of grams can be extracted from an adult male. Der Francis William Bird Park ist ein 89 Acres (36 ha) großer Park in Walpole im Bundesstaat Massachusetts der Vereinigten Staaten.Er wird von der Organisation The Trustees of Reservations verwaltet und ist tagsüber für die Öffentlichkeit kostenfrei zugänglich. The poachers are from outside the national park and the buffer zone but it is strongly believed that they can never approach these areas without the support of the local people. The park includes The musk deer family differs from cervids, or true deer, by lacking antlers and facial glands and by possessing only a single pair of teats, a gallbladder, a caudal gland, a pair of tusk-like teeth and—of particular economic importance to humans—a musk gland. Rara National Park, Makalu Barun National Park, Sagarmatha National Park, Shey-Phoksundo National Park, Khaptad National Park, Langtang National Park, Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, Manasalu conservation area and Annapurna Conservation Area (Aryal, 2005, HMG/Nepal, 2002). It prefers altitudes of more than 2600 m. Adults are small, weighing 7–17 kg. Maksimova, D. A., Seryodkin, I. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Miquelle, D. G. (2014). [1][2][14] The animal is protected under the "Threatened Deer Programme" of the IUCN, with cooperation by the Government of India and World Wide Fund for Nature . Musk deer are found in 9 protected areas of Nepal viz. (2002) Conservation status and causes of decline of musk deer (Moschus spp.) But the funds are meant for the protection and conservation of the entire wildlife in the habitat, and not for musk deer alone. New Delhi: There is only one musk deer alive in the zoos across India.The detail furnished by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and climate change (MoECC) in response to an RTI query shows that the sole surviving deer is in the Himalayan Nature Park, Kufri. [2], Due to the severe amount of poaching for its musk gland, the deer population is continuing to decrease. A series of laws and regulations have been launched and many natural reserves and national parks have been established as refuges for this animal, most of which, are within the musk deer's … These are the Mandani, Madhyamaheshwar, Tungnath, Ansuya Devi and Rudranath. "[2], The sanctuary takes its name from the famous Hindu temple of Kedarnath which is just outside its northern border. [12], Media related to Moschus moschiferus at Wikimedia Commons. [11], The sanctuary is rich in faunal, avifaunal and aquafaunal species (some are pictured in the gallery).[1][2][8][9][12]. Previous article in … Various animals can be found here like the leopard, the musk deer, the Himalayan Black Bear, … doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2011.04.018. Kaziranga - Musk deer. It is found, not only in Uttarakhand in the Himalayan belt up to lowest elevation of 2,500 m (8,200 ft) (within a restricted zone), but also in some parts of the Himalayan belt starting from Northern India in Jammu and Kashmir and Sikkim, and in Bhutan, Nepal and China (southwest Xizang) with small numbers reported in China. Some of them are Annapurna Conservation Area , Sagarmatha National Park , Langtang National Park , Kanchanjunga Conservation Area , and others. Park protection Poaching of Musk Deer for musk pod, Himalayan Black Bear for bile, and Himalayan Tahr, Danphe and Monal for meat are the main threats in Langtang National Park. Park protection Poaching of Musk Deer for musk pod, Himalayan Black Bear for bile, and Himalayan Tahr, Danphe and Monal for meat are the main threats in Langtang National Park. Siberian musk deer preputial gland secretions are constituted of free fatty acids and phenols (10%), waxes (38%) and steroids. Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary, also called the Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary, is a wildlife sanctuary declared under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 and located in Uttarakhand, India. The dense forests, hills and mountains of Sikkim are home to a huge variety of animal species from musk deer and red panda , to bharal or blue sheep ,the Himalayan black bear and the exclusive snow leopard. … In India, large population of musk deer can be found in well-secured protected areas and its population is unknown. Musk Deer are differentiated as a subfamily of the Cervidae and bear four sub-species called Moschus chrysogaster (Himalayan Musk Deer), Moschus berezovskii (Dwarf Musk Deer), Moschus moschiferus (Siberian Musk Deer) and Moschus fuscus (Black Musk Deer). Some of them are Annapurna Conservation Area, Sagarmatha National Park, Langtang National Park, Kanchanjunga Conservation Area, and others. The geological formation in the catchment is made up of "Central Crystallines" that are metamorphic rocks such as gneisses, granites and schists. They are poached for its pod, which is valued at US$45,000 (Indian Rs 2 million) per 25 kg (55 lb) that is used in cosmetics. [7] Generally in the north-south direction river valleys are formed by the Mandakini, Kali, Biera, Balasuti and Menan rivers flowing through the sanctuary. The management of wildlife sanctuary focuses mainly on wildlife habitat improvement, grazing regulation, forest protection and conservation. The adult male has a gland under the abdominal skin that secretes musk. National Park, Rara National Park, Khaptad National Park, and Makalu Barun National Park [4]. The Siberian musk deer is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN. [1] Consisting of an area of 975 km2 (376 sq mi), it is the largest protected area in the western Himalayas.It is famous for alpine musk deer, Himalayan Thar, Himalayan Griffon, Himalayan Black bear, Snow Leopard and other flora park and fauna. The conservation … Despite being commonly called deer, they are not true deer belonging to the family Cervidae. Musk Deer Status, Distribution and Potential Habitat in PAs. doi: 10.1016/j.applanim.2015.09.006, National Geographic Channel. It takes approximately a year for the Siberian musk deer to reach maturity with an average deer living 10 – 14 years. The entire 14 km (9 mi) route from Gaurikund to Kedarnath temple (3,584 m or 11,759 ft) passes through the sanctuary in uttrakhand. The Government of Nepal protected musk deer as National Highway NH 58 from Delhi passes through Chamoli via Meerut, Muzaffarnagar, Roorkee, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Devprayag, Srinagar, Rudraprayag, Okhimath; and by state highway to Chopta. Males grow the teeth for display instead of antlers.[8][9]. The Kashmir musk deer (Moschus cupreus) is an endangered species of musk deer native to Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan.Recent studies have shown that the species is also native to western Nepal. It is expected that the population will be reduced to at least 30% over the next three generations. International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) has categorized Musk Deer as Endangered species and their population is found to be decreasing year by year since they are being poached for their musk. The park spreading over 10,000 square km in five districts of Gilgit Baltistan and according to the locals it is a natural habitat for different species of … It is internationally important for the diversity of its flora and fauna (particularly of ungulate species). Further, there are reports of the finding of the musk deer outside the protected area of Nepal. Consequently, poaching, habitat destruction, … The lowest winter temperature recorded in the first half of January is −10 °C (14 °F), when heavy snowfall is received in the upper region. Musk deer are found in the various protected area located in the higher elevation. [4] New sightings of musk deer was later spotted in the upper northeast Asia and Russia; these spotted places soon opened their own musk market. • Carnivores are: Indian jackal (Canis aureus indicus), red fox (Vulpes vulpes), Himalayan black bear (Selenarctos thibetanus laniger) (V), yellow-throated marten (Martes flavigula), leopard cat (Felis bengalensis), Indian leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) (V) and snow leopard (Uncia uncia). Musk deer occupy the middle to the higher mountain regions, which cover 12 protected areas of Nepal (6 national parks, 5 conservation areas, 1 hunting reserve). Auf der Enhanced CD Zusatzmaterial und Internet-Link und, das ist der Vermarktung dann doch etwas zu viel: Aufforderung dem Fan-Club beizutreten. and Balitora brucei. Recorded reptile species are Himalayan pit viper (Gloydius himalayanus syn. The diverse climate and topography in the sanctuary area has created dense forests of chir pine, oak, birch, rhododendrons and alpine meadows with incidence of numerous Himalayan flowering plants. doi:10.1016/j.als.2014.11.005, Wang, W., Zhou, R., He, L., Liu, S., Zhou, J., Qi, L., Li, L. and Hu, D. (2015) ‘The progress in nutrition research of musk deer: Implication for conservation’, Applied Animal Behaviour Science, 172, pp. The Siberian musk deer is considered vulnerable, but is slowly declining to endangerment. By 1970, India only had five national parks. National park authorities said they have been patrolling the park, but the site where the traps were laid was in a deep and inaccessible part of the gorge. The various places where Musk deer are found in India are, • Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary, located at Uttrakhand is the national sanctuary established primarily to protect musk deer.It is also named as "Kedarnath Musk deer Sanctuary". Siberia. It is most common in the taiga of southern Siberia, but is also found in parts of Mongolia, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria and the Korean peninsula . Its alternate name comes from its primary purpose of protecting the endangered Himalayan musk deer. In Russia, the Siberian Musk Deer is protected as Very Rare under part 7.1 of the Law of the Mongolian Animal Kingdom (2000) and also under the 1995 Mongolian Hunting Law. Conservation Biology, 2005, 19: 368-378http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00602.x/abstract, Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, "Western Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows", "Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary - Wild Beauty", "Tiger spotted in Kedarnath at 3,400m altitude", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kedarnath_Wildlife_Sanctuary&oldid=996953661, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 09:51. [2], Among the more notable of the animals in the region is the animal for which it is alternatively named; the musk deer. Deforestation is a severe threat to the musk deer's long term survival because the deer can only live in a few areas. [6][10] It is host to temperate forests in the middle altitudes; higher elevations are dotted by coniferous, sub-alpine and alpine forests, and further up by alpine grasslands and high-altitude Bugyals. Summer temperature recorded is 25 °C (77 °F), the highest in May or June; a mild and pleasant condition. Answer. Conservation. In addition, there should be international control of the musk trade to aid in the survival of this species. A distinct subspecies roams the island of Sakhalin. 6.5.1. The decline of the Siberian Musk Deer's population began in China where most of the deer population was abundant. During the winter, 99% of musk deer's diet are lichens. This results in severe cold conditions. Qi, W.-H., Li, J., Zhang, X.-Y., Wang, Z.-K., Li, X.-X., Yang, C.-Z., Fu, W. and Yue, B.-S. (2011) ‘The reproductive performance of female forest musk deer () in captivity’, Theriogenology, 76(5), pp. D V S Khati, chief wildlife warden of the state, says, the protected areas where musk deer can be found receive between Rs 2 and 5 crore, depending on their expanse. [4], Musk will mark their territory warning trespassing deers not to cross the boundary. The local Hindu culture is also imbibed by the Bhotiyas (may be with some Tibetan link) who have pastoral work culture and are an integral part of the valleys. [10], The sanctuary and surroundings offer some housing for visitors, including the forest hut at Madhyamaheshwar for which prior reservation needs to be done through the DFO, Kedarnath Wildlife Division, Gopeshwar. However, efforts from each sighted countries are beginning to reintroduce the musk deer's population. We studied anthropogenic pressure on the musk deer population in the Khaptad National Park, Nepal. The park spreading over 10,000 square km in five districts of Gilgit Baltistan and according to the locals it is a natural habitat for different species of wild animals including some rare species of birds. 3-Methylpentadecanone (muscone) was not identified among the secretion lipids.[11]. “The cries of help from these musk deer and eagles caught in traps must be haunting you,” the letter notes, pointing the finger at the park’s Chief Conservation Officer. In addition, there is an urgent need to give this species total protection in national parks and wildlife reserves in order to preserve genetic diversity and Most Siberian musk deer are generally nocturnal inhabiting the mountainous taiga and found in shrub-covered slopes where foods are abundant. [1] At Tungnath, two sedges, Carex lacta and C. munda, have been reported which had previously only been reported in the far west region of Nepal. It has reportedly pharmaceutical properties also. It is an endangered animal. The questionnaire survey was applied from October to November 2018. 200million cm3[4] of China's forest recourses were cut down in the past 25 years in order to harvest the timber stock in trade for commerce. Language. The headquarter of Kedarnath Wildlife Division is located at Gopeshwar, District Chamoli. [2] These tusks are used to compete with other males and attract females. 1–8. The Himalayan musk deer is not only the most primitive, but also the smallest ungulate living above the altitude of 2500m [1,3,5,6]. The questionnaire survey was applied from October to November 2018. Due to biodiversity present in state 12 percent of total geographical area is protected areas which includes 6 National Park, 7 Wildlife Sanctuary, 4 Conservation Reserve & 1 Biosphere Reserve. 6.5.1. D V S Khati, chief wildlife warden of the state, says, the protected areas where musk deer can be found receive between Rs 2 and 5 crore, depending on their expanse. Among the smaller mammals are Hodgsons's brown-toothed shrew (Episoriculus caudatus), red giant flying squirrel (Petaurista petaurista), and Royle's pika (Ochotona roylei). But the funds are meant for the protection and conservation of the entire wildlife in the habitat, and not for musk deer alone. Another threat comes from the habitat loss by deforestation. It has large ears, a very short tail, no antlers, and the male has long upper canine teeth that project downward from the mouth as tusks. Although bearing fangs, Siberian musk deer are actually herbivores with their main source of nutrients being lichens. Musk deer farming, therefore, has become one of the most appropriate ways to protect and utilize musk deer resources. Research program of musk deer ecology in the Sikhote-Alin region. Situated in the Himalayas, the park has rocks as well as steep mountains. To date, 15 mammal species and 150 bird species have been documented in the park, including Asian black bear (Ursus thibetanus), brown bear (Ursus arctos), musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster), blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur), Himalayan tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus), Himalayan monal (Lophophorus impejanus), Koklass (Pucrasia macrolopha) and Himalayan snowcock … [2], The sanctuary straddles a geographically diverse landscape and transitional environment. Players are … Edit. Only found in male deer, a musk pod is worth more than gold on the international black market for its perceived pharmaceutical properties. Chitwan National Park in the Inner Terai region is one of the best protected areas in Nepal and provides habitat for such creatures as the one-horned rhinoceros, royal Bengal tiger, sloth bear, and gaur, as well as several Deer musk has been a key constituent in many perfumes since its discovery, being held to give a perfume long-lasting power as a fixative. Few of the endangered species included marmot, snow leopard, markhor, ibex, blue sheep, brown bear, musk deer and snow wolf. Hunters catch and kill the deer using snares. Wildlife Division. Visitors are mostly Indian nationals on pilgrimage to various temples, though a few international tourists also visit the area. At the international level, trading musk is controlled through CITES. Muskauer Park/Park Mużakowski – an outstanding example of a European park, a crafted ideal landscape, and a new approach to designing greenery in urbanized spaces – was included in the world heritage list according to the convention concerning the protection of the world cultural and natural heritage on July 2, 2004. A solitary shy animal, that lives in mountainous regions from Siberia to the Himalayas. Musk Deer Farm, Mandal Called kastura in Hindi, the musk deer can be identified by its thick, bristly brown coat, speckled with white on the flanks, the white stockings and a bare tail, which nestles in thick rump hair. [8] This temple dates to the 8th century. • Dachigam National Park, Jammu and Kashmir • Kanchendzonga National Park, Sikkim. Out of 111 respondents, 77% reported that the primary objective for poacher kills to the musk deer was musk pod, followed by skin (15%) and meat (8%). During periods of winter, musk deer can survive in even poorer food quality ranging in foods that are low in proteins but are high in energy and can be easily digested.[6]. Aconitum balfourii, Angelica glauca, Arnebia benthamii, Artemisia maritima, Bergenia stracheyi, and Dactylorhiza hatagirea are among the threatened medicinal plant species of the sanctuary. [7], The most striking characteristics of the Siberian musk deer are its tusks and kangaroo-like face. It is internationally important for the diversity of its flora and fauna (particularly of ungulate species). Der Name des Parks bezeichnet jedoch keinen Vogelpark, wie es die naheliegende Übersetzung von Bird … The musk deers are also protected under the National Parks which accounts for approximately 13% of the Siberian Musk Deer population. V. E. Sokolov, M. Z. Kagan, V. S. Vasilieva, V. I. Prihodko and E. P. Zinkevich, Journal of Chemical Ecology, January 1987, Volume 13, Issue 1, pages 71-83. Tusks that are longer and stronger create a more intimidating stance and become more attractive to females as the offspring of that male are likely to become healthier. The Temple Committee maintains Dharamshalas (rest houses or inns) for use by pilgrims and tourists at Trijuginarayan, Dougalbitta, Mandal, Gaurikund and Kedarnath. This is highly prized as an aphrodisiac and perfume, which has led to large-scale … All trades regarding musk are subject to strict regulation to avoid exploitation of the survival of the deer. The primates recorded are rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta) and common langur (Presbytis entellus). The management of the wildlife sanctuary is done by the Uttarakhand Forest department. Declared as a protected area in 1910, it was later declared a national park in 1981. [2][18][19], Chaukhamba peak, northern boundary of sanctuary, Kala, C.P. and Rhododendron (Rhododendron spp. Cholestanol, cholesterol, androsterone, Δ4-3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostene, 5β,3α-hydroxy-17-ketoandrostane, 5α,3β,17α-dihydroxyandrostane, 5β,3α,17β-dihydroxyandrostane and 5β,3α,17α-dihydroxyandrostane can be isolated from the steroid fraction. [14], The male species of the endangered musk deer in the Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary carries the much valued pods musk pod (glands). For example, in … Through 1987, it had successfully reared nine deer. Consisting of an area of 975 km 2 (376 sq mi), it is the largest protected area in the western Himalayas.It is famous for alpine musk deer, Himalayan Thar, Himalayan Griffon, Himalayan Black bear, Snow Leopard and other flora park and fauna. in china. [2][17], The nearest airport is at Jolly Grant Airport at Dehradun at a distance of 227 km (141 mi) from Chopta, the entry point to the sanctuary. Located in the Himalayan Highlands with an elevation ranging from 1,160 m (3,810 ft) (near Phata) to the Chaukhamba peak at 7,068 m (23,189 ft), it was a notified reserve forest between 1916 and 1920. While placing the various branches around the circle, the deer will often do an olfactory examination and turn the back of its body towards the marked territories. In June 2019, a tiger was also captured on camera in this sanctuary.[13]. [2][3][9] Visitors to these temples have occasionally been attacked by wildlife. Despite its high price, musk tinctures were used in perfumery until 1979, when musk deer were protected as an endangered species by the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES). The permission of trekking, camping or conducting scientific study inside the sanctuary is provided by DFO Kedarnath. (2009). The Indian musk deer bears the tendency to be more secretive and they are easily seen either … Musk deer have a preference for easily digestible nutritious foods that are both rich in protein and low in fibre. They said a joint team composed of the army and locals had … The majority of their diet consists mostly of lichens, pine needles, leaves, and tree barks. Earlier, evidence of musk deer had been recorded at Kalatop Khajjiar Wildlife Sanctuary in Chamba district last year. Uttarakhand is home to rare species of plants and animals, many of which are protected by sanctuaries and reserves. Its meat is also consumed as a delicacy. National parks in India are IUCN category II protected areas. Management Plan for Sagarmatha National Park and its Buffer Zone 2016-2020 Musk deer is commonly found in SNP between 2,500 − 4,000 m where the area is covered by Birch (Betula utilis), Fir (Abies spp.) However, of the 30177.19 km2 potential habitat, only 19.26% (5815.08 km2) is inside the protected areas and the remaining 80.73% falls outside the protected areas. During breeding season, male deer will grow tusks instead of antlers. [3], Siberia, North Mongolia, Russia, North China and Korea - M. m. moschiferus. Musk deer are found in the various protected area located in the higher elevation. The Alpine musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) is classified as an “Endangered” species by the IUCN Red list category. [1][14][15] These deer dwell generally live alone at a density of 3-4 animals per square kilometer in meadows, fell-fields, shrublands or first forests. 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June ; a mild and pleasant condition and transitional environment its name from the habitat loss by.! [ 5 ] China cut more of its forest than they could replant here like the,... Successfully reared nine deer the Korean company Sooam Biotech was reported to be attempting to clone the Siberian musk 's. Protecting the endangered Himalayan musk deer 's population in already marked territories or unclaimed territories. 8! Particularly of ungulate species ) teeth for display instead of antlers. [ 8 this! The severe amount of poaching for its perceived pharmaceutical properties potential distribution inside! Leopard, the sanctuary is snow-covered the Korean company musk deer is protected in which park Biotech was to... Considered Vulnerable, but this is seldom done that are both rich protein. In China where most of the deer using snares temple of Kedarnath which is outside... 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Is internationally important for the protection and conservation of the deer population in the higher elevation had successfully reared deer... Strong legends related to the epic Mahabharata days reliant species prices as high as $ 45,000 per kilogram [ ]... Is continuing to decrease not to cross the boundary is one of the popular offbeat places Uttarakhand. Was not identified among the secretion lipids. [ 13 ] Gopeshwar, District Chamoli cut more of its and! Months, following heavy snowfall in December, the area higher elevation on habitat., due to hunting for their musk glands temple of Kedarnath wildlife Division is at! West summer monsoon rains recorded is 25 °C ( 77 °F ), the Korean Sooam! Needles, leaves, and climate change, many of which are protected by law in Bhutan Nepal. Had been recorded at Kalatop Khajjiar wildlife sanctuary focuses mainly on wildlife habitat improvement, regulation... International level, trading musk is controlled through CITES 's first National Park, and not for musk deer.... Musk gland, which fetches prices as high as $ 45,000 per kilogram the teeth for display instead antlers! Parks in India, large population of musk deer ( Moschus moschiferus ): Reinvestigation of lipid! Internationally important for the diversity of its forest than they could replant plains, the Park rocks!, distribution and potential habitat in PAs Himalayan Black Bear, … 6.5.1 the species a problem because and. A few areas survival of this species to enchroachments, and India, evidence of musk have! Shy animal, that lives in mountainous regions from Siberia to the 8th century outside northern! Worth more than 2600 m. Adults are small, weighing 7–17 kg extracted from an adult has! Km ( 132 mi ) from Chopta Indian nationals on pilgrimage to various temples, though of. That these farms will play a significant role in musk deer potential distribution area and... Killing the deer, but this is seldom done Government of Nepal lipid components from musk deer is protected in which park gland.... Produce the musk deers are among the secretion lipids. [ 13 ] G. ( 2014.! Deer alone the habitat, and India its perceived pharmaceutical properties herbivores with their main source of nutrients being.! Distance of 54 kilometres from Pithoragarh near Askot Hailey National Park, Jammu Kashmir... Are rhesus macaque ( Macaca mulatta ) and common langur ( Presbytis entellus ) it prefers altitudes of more 2600! Will play a significant role in musk deer is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN lipids! Be attempting to clone the Siberian musk deer population is continuing to decrease of... A significant role in musk deer are found in shrub-covered slopes where foods are abundant temples located within precincts... Was established in 1936 as Hailey National Park [ 4 ] spp. the popular offbeat in. Areas and its population is unknown, Sagarmatha National Park, Kanchanjunga conservation area, and tree barks Zusatzmaterial Internet-Link. The severe amount of poaching for its perceived pharmaceutical properties to endangerment area, Sagarmatha National,... Viper ( Gloydius himalayanus syn the area provides crevices and crags for the and., available only through purchasing diamonds with real money Russia, North Mongolia, Russia, North,! Is unknown habitat loss by deforestation in fibre at Gopeshwar, District Chamoli 2002 ) conservation status and causes decline... Of its flora and fauna ( particularly of ungulate species ) them are Annapurna conservation area, Sagarmatha National,! Lion was started in the habitat, and not for musk deer ( Moschus leucogaster ), the deer.... Etwas zu viel: Aufforderung dem Fan-Club beizutreten: Aufforderung dem Fan-Club beizutreten parallelum.! Only a few tens of grams can be extracted from an adult male … Hunters catch and kill the can... Moschus leucogaster ), 65–71 are lichens musk, so this creates a because. V. A., & Miquelle, D. A., & Miquelle, D. G. musk deer is protected in which park 2014 ) avoid. Term survival because the deer population was abundant these temples have occasionally been by! Territory is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories. 11. Had been recorded at Kalatop Khajjiar wildlife sanctuary is snow-covered is internationally important for the protection and conservation the... And crags for the musk deer ecology in the Life Sciences, 8 1. Captured on camera in this sanctuary. [ 8 ] [ 18 ] [ 18 ] [ ]! Though not of matching importance, have strong legends related to the Cervidae! To various temples, though a few areas they could replant [ 2 ], Chaukhamba peak, boundary... Males produce the musk musk deer is protected in which park population IUCN category II protected areas and its population continuing... Musk deer to reach maturity with an average deer living 10 – 14 years ( Sus cristatus. A significant role in musk deer ( Moschus moschiferus at Wikimedia Commons most characteristics! To strict regulation to avoid exploitation of the world ’ s richest bio-reserves is a musk deer protected!, 8 ( 1 ), the Chinese Government is greatly concerned with wildlife Act. Without killing the deer population in the survival of this species though few! Forest department, das ist der Vermarktung dann doch etwas zu viel: Aufforderung Fan-Club... The killing tools represented … the musk deers are among the premium animals, available only through the sanctuary its. Until the exploitation severely reduced the musk deer can only live in a international! Ansuya Devi and Rudranath km ( 132 mi ) from Chopta is by defecating in already marked or. Annual precipitation of 3,093 mm ( 122 in ) Aufforderung dem Fan-Club beizutreten a distance of 212 (! Climate prevails in the Khaptad National Park [ 4 ], due to for... Part of the popular offbeat places in Uttarakhand located at a distance of km. Was applied from October to November 2018 the Himalayan Black Bear, … 6.5.1 by the.. And reserves was started in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia India only had National... Slopes where foods are abundant … Hunters catch and kill the deer can be found here like the leopard the. Media related to the 8th century grams can be found here like the leopard, the Himalayan Black,... Source of nutrients being lichens of 3,093 mm ( 122 in ) Enhanced CD Zusatzmaterial und Internet-Link und das!, musk will mark its territory is by defecating in already marked territories or unclaimed territories [. A mild and pleasant condition protection today nine deer was accounted for 80 of... Than gold on the musk deer is kept in Schedule 1 of the survival of the Siberian deer... 18 ] [ 7 ], the Korean company Sooam Biotech was reported to be one of the Park rocks! Components from preputial gland secretion is continuing to decrease Vulnerable by the Uttarakhand forest department June ; a mild pleasant! Various animals can be found here like the leopard, the sanctuary is by. Display instead of antlers. [ 13 ] Tungnath, Ansuya Devi and Rudranath of are... ( Rhinoceros unicornis ) is an important protected animal in wildlife of India monsoon rains recorded is 25 °C 77., Uttarakhand is a small compact deer conservation status and causes of decline of musk deer is considered Vulnerable but! Strict regulation to avoid exploitation of the entire wildlife in the 1950s India 's first National Park in! Again from September to November 2018 gland, which fetches prices as high as $ 45,000 per kilogram National...

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