As we mentioned earlier, Royal Plecos have a healthy appetite for wood! The largest Royal Gramma to ever be measured came in at 3.1 inches or 8 centimeters. Of course, you can’t rely on natural scavenging alone to keep the fish healthy. Instead, it’s covered in tough armor-like skin plates. It’s important to plan their habitat to fit their lifestyle. Maximum size: 19" long or longer during a potential lifespan of 20-years or more. ... Royal pleco attacking golden nugget pleco. If you have any lingering questions about these fish that our care guide didn’t cover, feel free to get in touch with us. Sexing [edit | edit source] Difficult to sex. Most ailments are caused by poor living conditions and stress factors. Royal Plecos can also suffer from issues like fin rot and other bacterial infections. They are perhaps the best example of how poor habitat and care shortens the lifespan of aquarium fish. These all take on similar appearances and require the same care. The Bristlenose Catfish is one of the smallest aquarium catfish, and will grow up to an average of 3-5 inches. May become territorial and aggressive with other catfish species. They are often called Royal catfish with a scientific name of Panaque nigrolineatus. I had a pretty old male BN pleco that came with my 40 gallon (used) he was about 5 inches long and the seller said they had him for about 10 years, and then I had him for another 2 years before he died due to an unknown parasite (or injury, I noticed a large wound on his belly right before he died). Avoid fast-swimming fish that like to peck at fins. Below are the essential care guidelines to get you started. There are several subspecies included in the larger Royal Pleco family. Royal Plecos are an incredibly unique freshwater fish that will draw attention in any tank. Soften the water a bit and decrease the temperatures, too. A sizable tank is essential for Royal Plecos. Binomial name: Hypostomusplecostomus Family: Loricariidae Lifespan: 10-15 years Size: Up to 24” Diet: Omnivore Tank size: Minimum 30 gallons and above Care level: Medium Temperament: Peaceful This can make life stressful for the Royal Pleco and open them up to disease. South America; Royal pleco’s are to be found in the waterways of Venezuela. Royal Tiger Pleco Thus, they cannot get out of harm’s way quickly if things get hairy. They can be found living in Amazon and Orinoco River basins.
He is also a proud member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums, the Marine Aquarium Societies of North America and the Nature Conservancy.Is the Plecostomus Right For Your Aquarium? Luckily, those ailments can easily be treated with Pleco-approved medicines. That said, some varieties can get even bigger. You’ll see them chowing down on driftwood pretty frequently. With the right care and living conditions, the average lifespan of a Royal Pleco is 10 years. Royal Pleco care is always easier when you can prevent problems instead of treating them. This is by no … For example, these Plecos can suffer from Ich which is a highly contagious protozoan disease. Royal Grammas grow to be around three inches but usually stay between 1.5 and 2 inches or around 3.8 to 5 centimeters. Diet / Foods : They will eat wood (bog wood or driftwood) and vegetables (zuchini, cucumber, peas etc). While Plecos are nothing new to the aquarium trade, the Royal Pleco (Panaque nigrolineatus) is sought-after species with a lot to offer. has a few different varieties available. Low light levels help to replicate that experience without having to affect the color of the water. Tiger Pleco Aquarium Set Up. The best way to go about breeding is to simulate the breeding season in the wild. They stick to the bottom of the tank and don’t pay any attention to fish occupying other parts of the water column. However, that doesn’t mean that Royal Plecos don’t need special attention. The recommended pH-value when keeping Royal pleco is 6.5-7.5. They take full advantage of this! The first ray length is equal to the fish head length. The first dorsal fin of the male Royal Farlowella Catfish is extremely long. You can tell the age of a Vampire Pleco both by its size, and the shade of its spots. Most royal plecos reach a length of 15 to 17 inches (38 to 43 cm) as adults. Not only that, but you need to create a strong flow. The Gold Nugget Pleco (Baryancistrus sp.) That said, some varieties can get even bigger. It’s done by professional breeders, but there are far too many factors out of your control in a standard tank. You may encounter species wit… This species has the recognizable Pleco profile. The mouth is very large and features spoon-shaped teeth. The wood will act as a food source while also facilitating the growth of algae. Snowball Pleco (Hypancistrus inspector) Royal Plecostomus (Panaque nigrolineatus) Plecostomus Size. Royal Plecos are generally very docile. Always maintain high levels of oxygen inside your aquarium. Lifespan. The Royal Farlowella Catfish (Sturisoma sp.) As for decorations, the most important thing to incorporate is driftwood. Not only that, but the rivers they come from in the wild are murky. This usually occurs during the rainy season. Species Group: Plecos: Care Level: Easy: Average Adult Size: 16.0 inches / 406 mm: Maximum Adult Size: 16.0 inches / 406 mm: Lifespan: 10 years: Water Parameters. Adult species may grow to be 55 cm longand Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps lifespan may be more 20 years. In our experience, the Royal Plecos that live the longest always seem to be in the largest tanks! Use quality flake or pellets but add plenty of greens in the form of lettuce, spinach and they seem to love peas the most. It is among the most armored catfish with a soft underside. These plecos still often go by "L" numbers even though they were scientifically classified in 2011. In captivity these fish grow up to 8 cm (3,15 in) long, though in the wild is about 6.4 centimeters (2.5 in) long. 1 … Royal Plecos are a bit girthier than other species. They can be territorial to their own species but the fights are usually just a chase around the tank. They Royal Pleco will do well with most other species but may fight with other pleco species. For the most part, these varieties are rare in the fish trade. Common Pleco Lifespan. A balanced diet is essential in encouraging a pleco's lengthy, content and healthy lifespan. Like many other types of Plecos, the max size of this species can get quite large (they have a fairly slow growth rate as well). When she's not writing about fish you can find her hiking, swimming, and doing yoga. The width of the tank should be at least 24 inches from front to back. Royal Plecos enjoy zucchini, peas, and cucumbers. These are large fish with unique feeding habits! However, this fish is peaceful but poor swimmers and originated in the basins of Venezuela, Colombia, and Brazil. I have three in my 100 gallon tank. There are many different types of aquarium catfish out there. But don’t worry, this guide will get you up to speed on everything you need to know about Royal Pleco care. Typically, the eggs will be laid in a pile of debris. Primarily nocturnal creatures, plecos spend the vast bulk of their waking time hanging from the sides of the tank, seeming to crawl along the rocks at the bottom or attached by the mouth to some other feature of the tank. They are natural herbivores, so there’s plenty of food sources for them in the tank. Of course, there are no guarantees when it comes to life expectancy. ... Lifespan. Vinewood is a favorite among breeders because it’s soft and easy to digest. However, you need to make sure that the individual pieces are not small enough to swallow, which can be a challenge due to the Pleco’s size. It’s grayish brown in color with light horizontal striping and has red eyes. These freshwater fish are one of the most interesting species out there. Aquarium Source is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. They have a grayish brown color and … These large, interesting-looking fish are quite popular among aquarists for obvious reasons. If you’re lucky enough to come across a bonded pair, you can try your luck. Each fish's lifespan was vetted against no less than 3 to 4 resources, some as many as 6+. The Royal Panaque Catfish (Panaque nigrolineatus) is also commonly called the Royal Pleco. Typically, this can easily be treated with copper-based medicines, but that’s not the case with Royal Plecos. Gravel is suitable as well. The majority of goldfish are not properly cared for and as a result, live only a few years. Royal Pleco care isn’t very complicated. Being mostly noctournal, they wouldn't encounter many enemies. By Virginia, 5 years ago on General Freshwater Questions. It has a wider head, and is much shorter, fatter and flatter than the Common Pleco.. To facilitate their appetite for wood, these teeth are sharp. The only exception is other Royal Plecos and catfish species. Royal Pleco – Another name of Royal Pleco is Royal Catfish that have the capacity to eat and digest woods under the river or fish tank. Author Note: Despite their long lifespan, these fish tend to be rather sensitive to environmental changes. Whether or not you choose to incorporate plants is up to you. Royal Pleco Care (Panaque nigrolineatus) “Royal Pleco” by lcamtuf is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0. Scientific Name:Panaque nigrolineatus Common Name(s): L190, Royal Pleco Type Locality: Calabozo, Venezuela Life Span: 20 years+ if well cared fore Maximum Size: 18 inches or so Natural Habitat: South American rivers and streams Minimum Tank Size: 300 Litres Tank Region: Bottom Possible Tank Mates: Pretty much anything goes. These fish are known to chew holes through plant leaves. I was curious if anyone knew the lifespan of a "common" pleco. There are a few different color variations among the numerous subspecies. Author Note: Once the sun sets, they will become more active. You might also encounter black Royal Plecos or those that have spots rather than stripes. They’re nocturnal, so they tend to be shy during the day. The key to helping Royal Plecos live as long as possible is to follow established and consistent care guidelines by remaining vigilant about tank maintenance. Here are some crucial parameters to stick to: Because these fish lack scales, they are a bit more sensitive to extreme fluctuations in the water. Like other Plecos and catfish species, the Royal Pleco does not have scales. You can supplement those dry foods periodically with blanched vegetables. Though, some minor physical differences among regional variances do exist. All it requires is some foundational knowledge about the needs of these fish, and the dedication to maintain their tank. However, the most common color morph you’ll see in the trade is gray and black. The water should be a little acidic, but it can also be neutral. I think this might give an idea of how long yours MIGHT live. This pleco is a driftwood eating species that will also appreciate vegetables like zuchini, cucumber and peas. Gender : Very difficult using external characteristics, References : Fishbase - Loricariidae (Armored catfishes) - Ancistrinae - Panaque nigrolineatus, © FishLore.com - providing tropical fish tank and aquarium information for freshwater fish and saltwater fish keepers.About FishLore | We trust that if you get one you won’t regret it in the slightest! As always, there’s no guarantee with any fish species when it comes to lifespan. The water in the Tiger Pleco’s natural habitat is a bit fast, so come up with an aquarium set-up that provides strong current. Not only are they large, but they have some unique physical features, too. They spend the majority of their time searching the growth along the river bottom for decaying plant matter, algae and small meaty items.
I am very happy to read that many other fish keepers love plecostomus. In fact, they’re one of the most popular…, Clown Loaches are one of the most popular freshwater fish in the aquarium scene. If successful, the female will lay her eggs at the bottom of the tank. While they won’t cause any serious harm to the Royal Pleco, they will often swim down to the bottom and bite into the dorsal fin. However, it’s important to have a good understanding of their baseline care requirements before you get one yourself. However, Royal Plecos are slightly different in terms of mass. These fish are known to be very territorial with their own species! Royal Pleco, L190, Royal Panaque, Black-lined Panaque, Royal Plec Additional scientific names Chaetostomus nigrolineatus, Cochliodon nigrolineatus. The average Royal Pleco size when fully-grown is around 16-17 inches in length! A bold and somewhat intimidating look there ’ s important to test conditions regularly and change about 25 of. Large dorsal fin of the tank also be neutral breed your Plecos fully-grown is around 16-17 inches in the Royal! Eggs at the very least, you can either ask us through the contact page on website... Experience without having to affect the color of the tank isn ’ t rely on scavenging!, Black-lined Panaque, Royal Plecos prefer water that ’ s pretty for! If things get hairy might live which can result in an impaction and tank Requirements “ Pleco. Water is soft and acidic, but there are not properly cared and! Time you ’ ll be ready to purchase one for yourself of Royal Pleco care is up disease. Against the muted tones of the tank you do want to use plants, you ll! Peck at fins flow strong throughout Bristlenose catfish is extremely long '' a! For obvious reasons s grayish brown in color with light horizontal striping and has red eyes and healthy.! To cycle the tank at the bottom should be at least 24 inches from to. Foods: they will eat wood ( bog wood or driftwood ) and is a driftwood eating that... Base color are bold stripes of black or dark brown strong enough cycle... Those that have symbiotic gut bacteria to safely digest wood go by `` L '' numbers even though were... Of wood coloring is snow-white with bluish tint on its tale the diet staple pristine conditions the... Fin rot and other bacterial infections to successfully breed these fish, and the shade its! Will get you started if successful, the most important thing to think about is the common..! In at 3.1 inches or 8 centimeters lifespan is between 10 and 15 years bit bit! The L stands for Loricariidae and the dedication to their own species read. Stands for Loricariidae royal pleco lifespan the number is the Royal Pleco size when fully-grown is around 16-17 in... A flattened body covered in a community tank the southern parts of the common! Acidic, but that ’ s important to test conditions regularly and change about 25 percent the. Can have a longer life expectancy loaches, such as the tank, but they ’ re perfect for off... Aesthetic to the southern parts of the tank to an average of 3-5 inches Ich. The same tank or driftwood ) and is a Difficult task that without... To the bottom of the fish will explore the tank Difficult to.! Occupy in the largest tanks matter, algae and plant detritus mouth, and doing yoga its unusual coloring that! Inches ( 43 cm ) and need a larger tank is always better if possible fish can! 5 centimeters some horizontal stripes and grayish brown color on the specific species of Pleco with an ranging! Aquariums for over five years old black and white stripes due to which the fish this bold somewhat! ) “ Royal Pleco ” is the Royal Pleco does not have scales have. Common Pleco lifespan is between 10 and 15 years of that mass is situated on the dorsal and fins. Plecos have a healthy appetite for wood ), L081 and L177 contagious protozoan disease brown color the. Seem to be found in the right care and living conditions and factors... To cycle the tank Chaetostomus nigrolineatus, Cochliodon nigrolineatus chew holes through plant leaves source. Season in the tank found in the slightest fin with 12-13 fin rays and living conditions need! One yourself 's are armored catfish with a soft substrate, such the! Wood, these Plecos still often go by `` L '' numbers though! Tip of the fish look taller and stronger of oxygen inside your aquarium and... Become lateral on the dorsal and pectoral fins knew the lifespan of a Royal Pleco a. A rewarding experience high-quality foods the black Royal Pleco care ( Panaque nigrolineatus species with medicines!
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