european rabbit impact on human health

>> >> /Type /Pages The problem is that it may take very long time before we have enough data to prove the harmfulness and meanwhile the chemicals have spread. /XObject <> /TT22 57 0 R /GS0 47 0 R /Parent 2 0 R %PDF-1.4 %���� /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] Climate change affects public health in many different ways. /TT5 57 0 R /CropBox [0 0 577.4392 792.7196] /CA 1 /TT23 54 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Font << Some viral strains also affect hares and cottontail rabbits. /TT35 54 0 R /Contents 46 0 R The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is an introduced species, which was first brought to Australia with the First Fleet in 1788 as domesticated livestock. endstream >> FERAL EUROPEAN RABBIT (ORYCTOLAGUS CUNICULUS) The feral European rabbit is one of the most widely distributed and abundant mammals in Australia. /TT2 56 0 R /quotesingle 96 /grave 128 /bullet /dagger /daggerdbl /ellipsis /emdash /endash /Thumb 91 0 R /ExtGState << >> >> /GS4 47 0 R The fifth generation of telecommunications technologies, 5G, is fundamental to achieving a European gigabit society by 2025. While I do set morning and evening mealtimes, there is hay out all day that they can eat when they like. /TT27 52 0 R /Font << >> Hazardous waste: its impact on human health in Europe Toxicol Ind Health. << 121 . >> /Type /Page There are several variables in determining the direct impact of rabbits on primary production, such as the distribution and density of rabbits, and the type, level and value of production. /Rotate 0 /GS6 47 0 R /Resources << /igrave /iacute /icircumflex /idieresis /eth /ntilde /ograve /oacute /ocircumflex /otilde /Font <> /Contents 73 0 R Over three-quarters of the State is inhabited by feral European rabbits. >> /Font << << /GS0 47 0 R << /TT7 53 0 R /TT6 79 0 R /TT2 52 0 R E�Yf"�+}��Zc�p,N�d�:�6�F��ѽ�n��κ�gK��t:��9Kl/�U�`�2CNK ���v� �� ��S /ColorSpace << /ca 1 ���� JFIF �� � /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] endobj /Thumb 99 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /Pages 2 0 R The renaissance of the laboratory rabbit as a reproductive model for human health is closely related to the growing evidence of periconceptional metabolic programming and its determining effects on offspring and adult health. In this framework, the human health study aims at modelling and quantifying the most of the projected health impacts of climate change in Europe in the next 90 years. /TT1 55 0 R /Fields [] >> 17 0 obj /TT4 55 0 R >> /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /Type /XObject /CS0 /DeviceRGB This crisis will undoubtably have a significant impact on how we live, travel and perceive our governments. endobj /CS0 /DeviceRGB /Encoding 20 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /X8 25 0 R /ColorSpace << /Font << I try to put as much of the rabbits’ days into their own hands—or paws—as I can. /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /Contents 76 0 R 119 substances in bacterial species that are of importance for human and animal health, and the potential 120 . /CS1 /DeviceGray /Im0 75 0 R Advantages of rabbit reproduction are the exact timing of fertilization and pregnancy stages, high cell numbers and yield in blastocysts, relatively late … /Type /Encoding endobj 3 0 obj /ExtGState << 1 0 obj /quoteright /quotesinglbase /trademark /fi /fl /Lslash /OE /Scaron /Ydieresis /Zcaron /Rotate 0 /Resources << The AGRI committee of the European Parliament requested EFSA to assess the welfare of rabbits farmed in different production systems, including organic production, and to update its 2005 scientific opinion about the health and welfare of rabbits kept for meat production. /MediaBox [0 0 594.95996 840.95996] /CropBox [0 0 576 791.7594] /AcroForm 4 0 R ""$$6*&&*6>424>LDDL_Z_||� /Creator (Acrobat 5.0 Paper Capture Plug-in for Windows) Pleuromutilin is a natural antimicrobial substance produced by the fungus Pleurotus mutilus, now called Clitopilus scyphoides.1,2 Tiamulin and valnemulin are semi-synthetic derivatives of pleuromutilin and both drugs are used exclusively in veterinary medicine. /TT15 52 0 R /Type /Page Climate change will affect individuals with pre-existing respiratory disease, but the extent of the effect remains unclear. /Rotate 0 /ExtGState << /Annots [100 0 R] /TT1 55 0 R /TT3 51 0 R /TT27 56 0 R << >> /ExtGState << It causes severe damage to the natural environment and to agriculture. /Name /Helv /TT26 53 0 R /TT4 56 0 R /TT1 53 0 R /LastModified (D:20040708200856) /G3 22 0 R << According to Arnold (1994), the present establishment of rabbit breeds is extremely recent: unlike other … >> << /F4 27 0 R Habitat European Rabbits are found throughout Europe and in north west Africa. /BitsPerComponent 8 /XObject << /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /TT6 53 0 R /Kids [7 0 R 8 0 R 9 0 R 10 0 R 11 0 R 12 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 15 0 R 16 0 R /TT7 51 0 R This blogpost will make a very brief overview of the role of the European Convention on Human Rights in assessment of this crisis. >> >> endobj /TT1 51 0 R The impact of rabbits (in combination with kangaroos) in rangeland national parks have resulted in native plants and animals being in poor condition with little chance of regeneration. /F8 96 0 R >> /Rotate 0 << It ... Impact Feral rabbits compete with native wildlife, damage vegetation and degrade the land. /CS7 /DeviceGray stream /Font << 24 0 obj /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /XObject << /TT25 57 0 R /florin /fraction /guilsinglleft /guilsinglright /minus /perthousand /quotedblbase /quotedblleft /quotedblright /quoteleft /ModDate (D:20060328204747+01'00') Copenhagen, WHO Regional Offi ce for Europe. stream /ExtGState << 18 0 obj <> /TT5 50 0 R /Subtype /Image /LastModified (D:20040708200856) >> >> /CS0 /DeviceRGB << Human activity and an ever-increasing population have already devastated much of our planet. /CS5 /DeviceGray /TT1 57 0 R >> endobj /Oslash /Ugrave /Uacute /Ucircumflex /Udieresis /Yacute /Thorn /germandbls /agrave /aacute >> /Parent 2 0 R 14 0 obj European Rabbits have a body length between 34 and 50 cms (13.5 - 20 inches), a tail length between 4 and 8 cms (1.6 - 3.25 inches) and they weigh between 1 and 2.5 kgs (2.25 - 5.5 lbs). /Author (Carman JA, Garner MG, Catton MG, Thomas S, Westbury HA, Cannon RM, Collins BJ and Tribe IG) /TT0 52 0 R /PitStop 21 0 R The present position statement was developed on behalf of the European Respiratory Society in order to identify areas of concern arising from climate change for individuals with respiratory disease, healthcare workers in the respiratory sector and policy makers. /Thumb 81 0 R <> /CS6 /DeviceRGB /CS7 /DeviceGray /Count 11 endobj /Im3 88 0 R /CS1 /DeviceGray Domestic rabbits as well as wild rabbits belong to the species Oryctolagus cuniculus (European rabbit), which is the only domesticated mammal of western European origin. HEALTH BEHAVIOR - HEALTH STATUS - EDUCATIONAL STATUS - RISK FACTORS - SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS - REVIEW LITERATURE Suggested citation Suhrcke M, de Paz Nieves C (2011). >> /Parent 2 0 R /Rotate 0 8 0 obj /TT2 57 0 R /Im0 85 0 R /Resources << /Contents 68 0 R /ML 4 /Font << /Im3 70 0 R /TT31 89 0 R >> >> >> >> It has been estimated that at the turn of the last century the direct cost of rabbits to Australia, due to lost beef, lamb and wool production and expenditure on control measures, was $206 m… 3�(|���~ty�����3�(ϰ�������?���ϰ�-�K`q��籟��q�-�V��G*dn=�:&��70ą~`y�g@�nU��}+���P�wԭ��� =��4y��G� ��&���F���\e���� =��4y��G� ��&���F���@��� =��4y��G� ��&���F���@��� =��4y��G� ��&��F=�q�C@A�O2Ʋ>I�. The welfare of adult rabbits kept in conventional cage systems is worse than that of those housed in other systems used in the EU, EFSA has concluded. >> /XObject << endobj /LastModified (D:20040708200857) /Metadata 3 0 R /CropBox [0 0 576 791.7594] /Contents [97 0 R 98 0 R] >> /TT5 55 0 R /Contents 90 0 R >> 4 0 obj /Type /Font /CS0 /DeviceRGB /TT0 52 0 R /F5 28 0 R /Parent 2 0 R << /XObject << /Type /Page .ti��eR=5y#�:�B�i�;���sX(������ɘ�R�Sr�h�? Rabbits arrived with the First Fleet, but their spread took off in the mid-1800s after being released in Victoria for hunting. >> /TT0 50 0 R 7 0 obj Europe (a bout 4500 farms producing) Public concerns: poor welfare, high stress, high mortality, no specific stunning methods No species-specific legislation protecting the welfare of … /CS7 /DeviceGray 6 0 obj /Contents 83 0 R /DR << /TT24 55 0 R This is a highly infectious and lethal form of viral hepatitis that affects European rabbits. >> Mammal Biol 68:224–234 CrossRef Google Scholar Palomares F (2003b) Warren building by European rabbits ( Oryctolagus cuniculus ) … >> 5 0 obj /Resources << impacts and adaptation in Europe in the 2010-2100 horizon in the key impact areas (agriculture, human health, forestry, river floods, energy, transport, tourism, and other areas). endobj European rabbits are Australia’s most widespread and destructive environmental and agricultural vertebrate pest. 2 0 obj 2004-07-08T21:04:04+05:30 Immanuel Kant. >> >> The reflection paper should include information on: 122 • Their use in veterinary medicine; 123 • Their use in human medicine; /ColorSpace << /GS1 48 0 R /LJ 0 /GS1 48 0 R /Parent 2 0 R /MediaBox [0 0 576 791.7594] >> %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� /Font << /Rotate 0 The aim to cover all urban areas, railways and major roads with uninterrupted fifth generation wireless communication can only be achieved by creating a very dense network of antennas and transmitters. /Resources << >> endobj 5 0 obj /GS0 47 0 R /TT23 79 0 R Greg Mutze, Brian Cooke, and Peter Alexander (1998) THE INITIAL IMPACT OF RABBIT HEMORRHAGIC DISEASE ON EUROPEAN RABBIT POPULATIONS IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA.Journal of Wildlife Diseases: April 1998, Vol. /TT0 52 0 R /ProcSet [/PDF /Text /ImageB] /Width 50 /ordmasculine 188 /onequarter /onehalf /threequarters 192 /Agrave /Aacute /Acircumflex /Atilde /XObject << There is an economic cost of the impact of a polluted environment on health. >> /ColorSpace << /Im3 82 0 R /Resources << Each year, the approximate overall cost caused by rabbits was estimated to be $206 million. /GS7 48 0 R /LastModified (D:20040708200856) endobj 12 0 obj endstream /TT7 57 0 R /Rotate 0 VHD of rabbits and human health 411 [ VHD human testing protocol I Competitive EIA I equivocal \ -/ Report negative i [ Report indeterminate Report positive 4] I Fig. /TT4 57 0 R endobj << /BM /Normal >> /CS0 /DeviceRGB >> /Font << endobj In 2005, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) published a scientific opinion on the impact of housing and husbandry systems on the health and welfare of farmed domestic rabbits 2 . 2 0 obj endobj >> /Type /Page As 16 rabbits eat as much as one sheep (Short,1985), this is equivalent to approximately 60 million sheep and the consequent loss of production. /Subtype /XML The rabbit’s rate of spread in Australia was the fastest of any colonising mammal anywhere in the world. >> << endobj /StructParents 0 We estimate that 150 000 deaths worldwide were caused by … /Title (Viral haemorrhagic disease of rabbits and human health) The negative impact of health and health behaviours on educational outcomes in high-income countries: a review the. 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