Stalin's rise to power was a combination of his ability to manipulate situations and the failure of others to prevent him from taking power, especially Leon Trotsky. The Stalin I am familiar with is the one of the sscond World War. Stalin used his power to appoint his supporters to important positions and removed those who opposed him. Old Bolsheviks, engineers, scientists, industrial managers, scholars, and artists were among the Great Purges’ victims as well (Marples, 113). He served as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1922 until his death in 1953. These heroes from the Soviet-German War would certainly maintain a “strong voice in determining Russia’s future” (Chamberlin, 8). Though Lenin had notably failed to endorse Stalin as his successor, Stalin … The Great Purges, as they were called, were quickly implemented by Stalin during the late 1930s to combat so-called “opposition” forces in Russia. In the years following the death of Vladimir Lenin, he rose to become dictator of the Soviet Union, using a combination of manipulation and terror to destroy his opposition. With the old Bolsheviks completely wiped out, Stalin was now in a position to exert unchallengeable, personal power. 2 (American Slavic and East European Review, 1961). In the Stalin era, deviation from the dictates of official propaganda was punished by execution and labor camps. To Stalin, Russia could not risk the threat of total annihilation again as it had done during the First World War and the Russian civil war that had followed. Many believe Stalin’s rise to power began when he met Vladimir Lenin. In a desperate attempt to remove Stalin, Trotsky, Zinoviev, Kamenev decided to form a “United Opposition” against Stalin which would prove to have disastrous consequences. Stalin also realized, however, that securing and maintaining control of a Communist state would require the complete dissolution of capitalism which, according to Stalin, corrupted society and fueled opposition forces. Realizing this newfound power, Stalin quickly capitalized upon the Red Army’s success through both militaristic and political moves. Lenin was exiled in Switzerland in 1912 when he appointed Joseph Stalin to serve … Key Questions for this Section. Stalin was supported and Trotsky was isolated. Throughout the summer of 1923, Lenin lay close to death, and a lull settled over the political struggle. How did Stalin rise power? However it could be said that luck also played a major part in his rise to power. Overview In November 1917, Lenin s Bolsheviks took power in a revolution which had the backing of large numbers of industrial workers and ... Stalin s Rise to Power, 1924 29 23. Mussolini in Italy, Stalin in Russia, Franco in Spain, Tōjō in Japan and Hitler in Germany – all presided over harsh, brutal regimes. Removal of o pposition One factor that had got Stalin to power was the clever tactics of removing his opposition. Stalin’s rule is widely known for its political repression, its purges of potential rivals and brutal treatment of civilians. Modernizing Russia was the only way, according to Stalin, to secure the Soviet state (Sources of Soviet Conduct, 569). He specializes in Russian and Ukrainian History. Nevertheless, even this enormous death rate could not stifle the Stalinist regime. However, they were not as popular as they believed and that Stalin was very popular with the ordinary Party member. He has been quoted as saying that, while Lenin undertook the Political Revolution in Russia, it was left to him to proceed with the Societal and Economic Revolutions; and that he did, with terrible consequences. Many dismissed him as a nonentity and a political figure of no real substance. Why was Stalin able to defeat his rivals? Hailed as a hero for pushing the Red Army so vigorously during the war, Stalin had finally implemented the unchallengeable dictatorial style government that he so greatly desired. Is there an essential oil to keep wasps away? intro? Complete and total control over the Soviet Union, however, would not be established under Stalinism until the events of the Second World War. 1 (EHESS: 1995). 5. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an “Iron Curtain” has descended across the continent. Stalin’s decisiveness and relentless pursuit of power allowed him to implement a system of government that would dominate Russian policies for many years. To continue reading this article you will need to purchase access to the online archive. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe. Just one year later in 1937, Communists of Lenin’s era, along with nearly half of Russia’s military high-command, were executed or sent to the Gulag. Lev Kamenev joined the Bolsheviks in 1905 and Gregory Zinoviev joined in 1903. Stalin was careful to present himself as the man of the centre, almost a moderate. he confiscated the land of resisting farmers and sent peasants to distant labor camps. The main reason for this was to make life harder for Trotsky. (hold onto power) Once Stalin gained power he enforced his power through several different methods, including fear, cult of personality, education and youth groups, propaganda, purges and force & compulsion. Stalin came to power when Lenin died in 1924 by outmaneuvering his rivals to become the head of the Communist Party and then the dictator of the Soviet Union. Against insurmountable odds, the Red Army had defeated one of the most powerful armies in the world. Reaching Petrograd from Siberia on March 25 (March 12, Old Style), 1917, Stalin resumed editorship of Pravda. 25 No. But I feel as though knowing about the evil they committed is necessary for people to know about (so that we can avoid letting people like Stalin rise to power). Larry Slawson received his Masters Degree at UNC Charlotte. Was Stalin’s ideology a continuation of the ideology established by Marx and Lenin or a complete change? Trotsky, Zinoviev, and Kamenev, who had once viewed Stalin as their ally, were then faced with the daunting task of unseating Stalin (Marples, 73). Stalin believed that stability could only be achieved once power was secured and unchallengeable. Instead, the Soviet Union experienced a dramatic increase in its prospective power, prestige, and influence in global affairs (Chamberlin, 3). Aside from the positive aspects of collectivization, however, Stalin’s new “socialization of agriculture” also had a tremendous dark side to it as well. These include Trotsky's mistakes, Stalin's cunning, luck and Lenin's testament. Accordingly, how did Stalin rise to power quizlet? How did ideology help Stalin achieve power? The Cold War began after the surrender of Nazi Germany in 1945, when the uneasy alliance between the United States and Great Britain on the one hand and the Soviet Union on the other started to fall apart. With Trotsky, Zinoviev, and Kamenev gone, Stalin was able to quickly usurp control of Russia by 1928. 20 No. After four days of national mourning, Stalin was given a state funeral and then buried in Lenin's Mausoleum on 9 March. Trotsky did not take advantage of several opportunities which wouldhave helped him to crush Stalin politically. Find out more about his life and rise to power in … How did Joseph Stalin rise to power? Key Questions for this Section. The debate over who would be Lenin’s successor was underway with many members of the Politburo vying for leadership of the Soviet Union. Many prominent Bolsheviks had always underestimated Stalin because he was not well educated. In a testament written by Lenin in 1922, he stated that he believed Leon Trotsky, the founder of … Though not groomed to lead, Stalin was cunning and manipulative and by 1928 was in charge of Soviet Russia. The Kulaks, for example, who were considered a bourgeois class throughout Russia, were largely exterminated during the implementation of collectivization. For some reason, teachers tend to ignore some of the darker figures of history. More than 57 years after the death of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, scholars continue to uncover long-hidden truths about his rise to absolute power and the reign of “Great Terror” that took more than a million lives and exiled many millions more. Study How did Stalin rise to power + ideological debates flashcards from Emma Hallowell's George Stephenson High School class online, or in Brainscape's iPhone … What role did ideology play in Stalin’s rise to power? 2 (Blackwell Publishing, 1944). Trotsky seemed to hold the most powerful position, thanks to his close friendship with Lenin before the Soviet leader's strokes, but an opposition had already begun to emerge. Stalin was careful to present himself as the man of the centre, almost a moderate. From the time of Vladimir Lenin’s death in 1924 to his demise in 1953, Stalin controlled the Soviet Union through an exploitation of political opponents (and allies), and through a relentless drive for absolute power. Forced collectivization of the remaining peasants, which was often fiercely resisted, resulted in a disastrous disruption of agricultural productivity and a catastrophic famine in 1932–33. Wikipedia. How did he change the lives of the Soviet people? The Sources of Soviet Conduct, Vol. In conclusion, Stalin’s rise to power was not inevitable but rather something that happened through pure circumstance. Joseph Stalin came to power through a combination of ruthlessness and cunning. Joseph Stalin came to power through a combination of ruthlessness and cunning. 4. More than 57 years after the death of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, scholars continue to uncover long-hidden truths about his rise to absolute power and the reign of "Great Terror" that took more than a million lives and exiled many millions more. With Trotsky defeated, Stalin then turned on Zinoviev and Kamenev, supported by Bukharin and the Right. Elise Kimerling, Civil Rights and Social Policy in Soviet Russia, Vol. Larry Slawson (author) from North Carolina on November 03, 2018: @Poppy I totally agree. 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