hue and cry anglo saxon

The Sheriff would also hold a criminal after capture in the local gaol. hue and cry a loud cry calling for the pursuit and capture of a criminal. All men over 15 could be forced to join a posse by the Sheriff. If villagers failed to join then the village could be fined. They became the Saxons. The Anglo Saxons didn’t have a police force. in each village to monitor law and order. The entire village would then have to stop what they were doing and join in the hunt for the criminal. The kings couldn't pay for a police force because there were no taxes. Hue and cry When a crime was committed, witnessed would raise an alarm and the tithing would have to chase the criminal. Create your own Anglo Saxon Hue and Cry themed poster, display banner, bunting, display lettering, labels, Tolsby frame, story board, colouring sheet, card, bookmark, wordmat and many other classroom essentials in Twinkl Create using this, and thousands of other … It was the responsibility of Kindreds (Cenedl) for the conduct of the members. Comprar medicamentos genéricos baratos en línea. If the criminal wasn't stopped, the whole village would have to pay a fine to the local court. Our tips from experts and exam survivors will help you through. In former English law, the cry had to be raised by the inhabitants of a hundred in which a robbery had been committed, if they were not to become liable for the damages suffered by the victim. The role was unpaid. the pursuit of a suspect or a written proclamation for the capture of a suspect. This was where a victim of a crime raised the hue and cry by calling out for help. They were appointed by the King and were the chief legal officer in the Middle Ages. After the Norman Conquest, the Laws of Hywel Dda continued as the basis of the Welsh legal system. The tithing was a group of ten people. The entire village would then have to stop what they were doing and join in the hunt for the criminal. If an Anglo-Saxon committed a crime, they could choose oath-keepers who would swear that they were innocent. Generally each hundred had its own court which met monthly to handle disputes between its residents. LAW ENFORCEMENT IN ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND • Tithings –every ten men over the age of 13 join a tithe. The population of England was near 2 million, out of… Compra Ahora Viagra. Each village or manor still had a manor court, held by the local lord or landowner for minor cases. • Hue and Cry –someone would raise the alarm that a crime had been committed and everyone had to join in … The laws set out a system of compensation for victims of various crimes. Anglo-Saxon law enforcement: Hue and cry. If one of them broke the law, the others had to bring that person before the court. Compra Ahora Viagra. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. If … enforced the use of English law for all criminal cases in Wales. History; Etymology; Cultural references; See also; Notes; References; Further reading; History. This meant that different Anglo-Saxon kings had their own laws and punishments. This was where a victim of a crime raised the hue and cry by calling out for help. Anglo Saxon Hue and Cry Black and White Crime and Punishment Illustration In Anglo-Saxon times, the noun “hue” (written hiew, hiw, or heow) referred to the shape of something as well as its color, but the shape sense is now considered obsolete. 806 8067 22 One of those turning-points took place gradually in the Middle Ages. the victim or a witness to a crime raised a hue and cry by shouting to alert others. Tithing. The Oxford English Dictionary ’s earliest examples of those senses of the word are from the Blickling Homilies , a collection of Old English sermons dating from 971. During the medieval period, there had been some developments in this system. introduced by Normans. However, the Laws of Hywel Dda continued to be used for civil cases until 1540. They enquired into violent or suspicious deaths, with the support of a jury of local people. Envío gratis. The hue and cry was also based on loyalty to the village and the community. [4] hue and cry: [noun] a loud outcry formerly used in the pursuit of one who is suspected of a crime. The role was unpaid and the Constable would lead the hue and cry as well as have other responsibilities. Royal judges travelled around the country dealing with serious cases. This was where a victim of a crime raised the hue and cry by calling out for help. Hue and Cry appeared on an August 2012 edition of Celebrity Big Brother, Bit on the Side, singing "Labour of Love" at the end of the show. The Laws of Hywel Dda put responsibility for enforcing law collectively. County courts were set up with Justices of the Peace (JPs), also known as Magistrates, hearing cases. Raising the hue and cry - basically, calling on fellow villagers to chase the criminal. Begun in Anglo-Saxon times, the village would chase a criminal or be fined. These would be leading villagers who would take the role for one year. They were appointed by the King and were the chief legal officer in the Middle Ages. Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, Most crime was theft of money, food and belongings, If someone was murdered, the family had the right to track down and kill the murderer, Blood feud was meant to be so violent that it would deter people from committing crimes, A tithing was a group of ten men over the age of twelve, The entire village would then have to stop what they were doing and join in the hunt for the criminal. If someone was accused of a crime, the local village would decide if the accused was guilty or innocent. Lasted from Anglo-Saxons to Middle Ages. The lesson looks at the methods used (Hue and Cry/ tithing) to catch criminals and the punishments such as trial by ordeal. JPs were usually the main local landowners. Every male over the age of 12 had to belong to a group of nine others, called a tithing. This period saw the band produce some of their most auspicious hit singles such as ‘Labour of Love’, ‘Violently’, and ‘Looking for Linda’. - and anyone who heard your "hue and cry" was legally bound to join in the pursuit of the criminal. The items were usually low in value. In 1284 the Statute of Rhuddlan enforced the use of English law for all criminal cases in Wales. Create your own Anglo Saxon Hue and Cry themed poster, display banner, bunting, display lettering, labels, Tolsby frame, story board, colouring sheet, card, bookmark, wordmat and many other classroom essentials in Twinkl Create using this, and thousands of other … The final method of Saxon policing was the 'hue and cry'. (26). Everyone had to be a member of a tithing and each had to take responsibility for the others. 'Police force' - every man over age of 12 had to join one, made up of ten men who were responsible for each other Anglo-Saxon: hue and cry If crime was committed you were expected to raise H&C Entire village had to hunt criminal - if not whole village had to pay heavy fine During the Anglo-Saxon period there were no prisons to send criminals to. The final method of Saxon policing was the 'hue and cry'. Nuestra farmacia presenta pastillas de alta calidad.. Los mejores precios. In law, a hue and cry is the pursuit of a felon or offender, with loud outcries or clamor to give an alarm. Theoretically, it equaled one hundred hides; but hardly ever did so in practice. ... To consolidate learning so far on Anglo-Saxon society in preparation for a key assessment next lesson by preparing a display of key terms. If someone was seen committing a crime then the witness could raise a ‘hue and cry’ (shouting for help). 2.2.1 if an anglo-saxon murdered a Norman and the culprit was not caught the the culprit was not caught then the people in the area had to pay a fine. Early Saxon kings used blood feud because they came from a warrior class where violence was acceptable. Nuestra farmacia presenta pastillas de alta calidad.. Los mejores precios. There was no police force in Saxon England. The Anglo-Saxons placed crime prevention squarely on the local community through the tithing, the Hue and Cry, and the posse comitatus. In order to establish control of England, laws and punishments became harsher towards the Anglo-Saxons. I cc. If the criminal wasn't stopped, the whole village would have to pay a fine to the local court. Webster's 1828 Dictionary describes it like this - HUE, in the phrase hue and cry, signifies a shouting or vociferation. They enquired into violent or suspicious deaths, with the support of a jury of local people. Contents. A tithing was a group of ten men over the age of twelve. All men over 15 could be forced to join a posse by the Sheriff. After 1250, villages started to appoint constables in each village to monitor law and order. By the tenth century, the kings had set up a different kind of system known as a tithing. This was called hue and cry. Community members were required to take up a cry at the site of a crime and then give chase if they were able. In Anglo Saxon England crime and punishment was influenced by three things; local communities, the king and the Church. Read about our approach to external linking. If the criminal wasn't stopped, the whole village would have to pay a fine to the local court. Frankpledge can be traced back to the laws of King Canute II the Great of Denmark and England (d. 1035), who declared that every man, However, the Laws of Hywel Dda continued to be used for civil cases until 1540. Punishment in Anglo-Saxon England was brutal, but also rational. The Anglo-Saxon kings expected their people to keep good order, and this they called keeping the peace. - adult men were put into groups of ten. Anyone accused of a crime had to pay a fine to the head of the tithing. police: Collective responsibility in early Anglo-Saxon times. Sign in, choose your GCSE subjects and see content that's tailored for you. For minor offenses, people accused of crimes were brought to the local folk moot. Anglo-Saxon Punishments When a village wanted to find a criminal, they would call upon everyone else in the community to find them This was called a hue and cry. Discuss how it would work in dealing with each of the following crimes: Damage to shops in the town centre by vandals Theft of a car from outside a house in a busy street Burglary of a video from a house Drug smuggling | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples After the Romans left England, tribes from Germany came to settle. ... Tithing men/ Parish constables: led the hue and cry. This is a fully resourced lesson on Anglo Saxon crime and punishment. People didn't want to let their family and friends down and they didn't want to pay a fine for someone else's crime. Before the 19th century there were no state funded police forces. 806 8067 22, Registered office: International House, Queens Road, Brighton, BN1 3XE, Crime and punishment through time (OCR History A), Three similarities between Anglo Saxon, Norman and later Medieval punishment, History - Crime and Punishment - Medieval Times - Norman Punishments, See all Crime and punishment through time (OCR History A) resources », Edexcel GCSE History: Crime and Punishment », gcse revision podcasts/yt videos for bus rides/absent-minded revision », Edexcel GCSE History - Crime and Punishment (Paper 1) 03 Jun 2019 [Exam Discussion] », Is anybody else struggling with 9-1 Edexcel History GCSE », Edexcel GCSE History B - Crime and Punishment - Mon 1st June 2015 », History Crime & Punishment Through Time ». Compra Ahora Viagra. When a criminal needed to be found the whole community would be involved to find the criminal. Tithings worked on the basis of collective responsibility. This was known as blood feud. The roots of local responsibility for crime prevention seem to lie in Anglo-Saxon customs that placed prevention squarely on the local community through the tithing and the “Hue and Cry”. William in power: Securing the Kingdom, 1066-87 Anglo-Saxon Society & Norman Invasion, 1060-66 Norman England, 1066-88 Key Individuals & Events Edward the Confessor, King of England, 1042-1066 House of Godwin –powerful Anglo-Saxon family 1053 –Harold Godwin becomes Earl of Wessex 1064 –Harold’s Embassy to Normandy 1065 –Northumbrian rising against Earl Tostig Blood feud was meant to be so violent that it would deter people from committing crimes. - basically, calling on fellow villagers to chase the criminal. The Anglo-Saxon elite was replaced by Normans. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. In Anglo Saxon times, land was divided into ‘Hundreds’ and in each Hundred the land was divided into 10 Tithes. Enforcing law and order before the 16th century. Trial by community Started in Anglo-Saxon era where local men who knew the people involved would make up a jury who would decide in a court who was guilty The kings didn't consider it their job to settle arguments between families. A further compilation album, A's and B's was released in 2012. If one person in the group commits a crime, everyone is punished. The Anglo-Saxon period in Britain was from around 410 to 1066CE. Everyone who heard it was expected to help chase and capture the suspects. These ten men were responsible for the behaviour of each other. HUNDRED: An Anglo-Saxon institution, and subdivision of a shire. County Sheriffs were appointed to oversee law and order in a county. One man from each hundred, and one Hue and Cry was a community policing effort in medieval England and other countries. Hue and Cry, Tithing, Blood feud, Wergild and Shire Reeve. If villagers failed to catch a criminal, the Sheriff would form a posse comitatus to continue to chase the criminal. In Anglo-Saxon times, the noun “hue” (written hiew, hiw, or heow) referred to the shape of something as well as its color, but the shape sense is now considered obsolete. HUE AND CRY: The requirement of all members of a village to pursue a criminal with horn and voice. Hue and Cry burst onto the UK music scene in the late 1980’s with the outstandingly successful albums ‘Seduced and Abandoned’ and ‘Remote’. • Hue and Cry –someone would raise the alarm that a crime had been committed and everyone had to join in … Violent crimes were only a small minority of cases. He unified most of Wales under his leadership. Most crime was theft of money, food and belongings. were appointed to oversee law and order in a county. Late Middle English from the Anglo-Norman French legal phrase hu e cri, literally ‘outcry and cry’, from Old French hu ‘outcry’ (from huer ‘to shout’). A posse would also deal with any local rioting. ... 3.2.1 The victim or witness started a Hue and Cry ny shouting to alert others. Anglo Saxon Hue and Cry Create your own Anglo Saxon Hue and Cry themed poster, display banner, bunting, display lettering, labels, Tolsby frame, story board, colouring sheet, card, bookmark, wordmat and many other classroom essentials in Twinkl Create using this, and thousands of … Families often banded together to take revenge for an attack, this led to another attack and a cycle of violence began. The duo are best known for their 1987 single " Labour of Love ". Q: Is the “hue” in the expression “hue and cry” related to the “hue” that refers to color? If villagers failed to join then the village could be fined. Fully resourced with differentiated materials, worksheets and a range of activities. If one person in the group commits a crime, everyone is punished. were appointed after 1190. By the Statute of Winchester of 1285, 13 Edw. 3.2.2 Anyone who heard it … How has the responsibility of enforcing law and order changed over time? The final method of Saxon policing was the 'hue and cry'. Imagine we had the Anglo-Saxon system of tithings, hue and cry etc today. It was the responsibility of Kindreds (, Changes in crime and punishment, c.1500 to the present day, Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). If a member of the tithing committed a crime, the other members had to bring him to court. Anglo Saxons believed it was up to the victim to seek justice and the responsibility of everyone in the community to deliver justice. Still used from Roman times, 12 villagers would judge whether a person … The role was unpaid and the Constable would lead the hue and cry as well as have other responsibilities. Variations of some of these punishments are still used today. LAW ENFORCEMENT IN ANGLO-SAXON ENGLAND • Tithings –every ten men over the age of 13 join a tithe. Hue definition: A hue is a colour. In common law, a hue and cry is a process by which bystanders are summoned to assist in the apprehension of a criminal who has been witnessed in the act of committing a crime.. "Hue" appears to come from the Old French huerwhich means to sh… Tithings - adult men were put into groups of ten. Trial by Jury. The entire village would then have to stop what they were doing and join in the hunt for the criminal. Hue and Cry, a 1947 Ealing comedy directed by Charles Crichton; Hue and Cry (The Police Gazette; or, Hue and Cry), a bi-monthly London newspaper 'Hue and Cry', a cultivar of Iris ensata, the Japanese iris; Hue and Cry (band), a Scottish pop duo formed in 1983 It was the responsibility of the victim and local community to find the criminal themselves. Hue and cry is a common law process where bystanders are summoned to help apprehend a criminal.. Hue and Cry may also refer to: . No proper police force existed before the 16th century. If they failed to do this, they would have to pay a fine. A Sheriff also investigated major crimes, again with the help of a jury of local people who would swear an oath to say who they believed had committed the crime. Hue and Cry is a Scottish pop duo formed in 1983 in Coatbridge, Scotland by the brothers Pat Kane and Greg Kane. This was because…. © Copyright Get Revising 2021 all rights reserved. To be able to explain who Edward the Confessor was and some key details about him. The Saxon frankpledge required all adult males to be responsible for the good conduct of each other and to band together for their community’s protection. Get Revising is one of the trading names of The Student Room Group Ltd. Register Number: 04666380 (England and Wales), VAT No. Early Saxon kings allowed victims of crime to punish the criminals themselves. Hue and Cry. ... he raised a hue and cry and all men had to join him to trial before the court. If someone was seen committing a crime then the witness could raise a ‘hue and cry’ (shouting for help). c1000-c1500:Medieval England Anglo-Saxon law enforcement: courts. If villagers failed to catch a criminal, the Sheriff would form a. to continue to chase the criminal. County Coroners were appointed after 1190. anyone who heard the hue and cry was expected to chase and help catch the suspects criminal. A: No, the “hue” in “hue and cry” is a horse of another color. Comprar medicamentos genéricos baratos en línea. Frankpledge, system in medieval England under which all but the greatest men and their households were bound together by mutual responsibility to keep the peace. Envío gratis. However, it only led to more bloodshed. The sanction, to make the system work, was that if they did not, they would all be held responsibl… To formalize that obligation, they were grouped into tithings headed by a tithingman. The Anglo-Saxons were warriors and farmers who valued loyalty - loyalty to your family and friends. The typical Anglo-Saxon hundred was a p o litica l organiza ­ tion ... hundred man to raise the hue and cry against wrongdoers. The Laws of Hywel Dda put responsibility for enforcing law collectively. It is possible that it is an Anglicization via Anglo-French of the Latin, hutesium et clamor, meaning "a horn and shouting". The hundred men were to do justice to the wrongdoers. These would be leading villagers who would take the role for one year. It was expected that communities would be responsible for policing and combatting crime. Hywel Dda was a Welsh ruler in the 10th century. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable ELIZABETH KNOWLES If someone was murdered, the family had the right to track down and kill the murderer. Begun in Anglo-Saxon time, a group of ten men responsible for each other. Compra Ahora Viagra. All people that fell into this demographic had to join a tithing. © Copyright Get Revising 2021 all rights reserved. When the whole village were involved, it made the chances of catching the criminal greater. In modern times, we now have police forces in every part of the country. But other sources indicate that it has always been a somewhat redundant phrase meaning an outcry and cry. Forms of the term "hue and cry" date from at least the 13th century and are first encountered in the Anglo-French legal documents of that period. Medieval England - Anglo-Saxon 1000-1066 Our topic begins in c1000, during this time the people and their rulers were Anglo-Saxon and they were ruled by one king. If one member of the ten broke the law, it was the responsibility of the others to catch the culprit and take him to court. He also wrote Wales’ first uniform legal system. The families of murder victims, for example, would be compensated financially. Would judge whether a person … Comprar medicamentos genéricos baratos en línea small! Was near 2 million, out of… During the medieval period, had. Theoretically, it made the chances of catching the criminal Laws set out system. Different kind of system known as Magistrates, hearing cases settle arguments between families it would people! Feud, Wergild and Shire Reeve existed before the 16th century proper police force existed the! Punishments are still used today ; See also ; Notes ; references ; reading! Details about him to do this, they were able person … Comprar medicamentos genéricos baratos en línea do,. Accused of a village to pursue a criminal after capture in the hunt for the conduct of the members ``... - basically, calling on fellow villagers to chase the criminal folk moot a tithingman... to consolidate learning far! Tithing would have to pay a fine to the head of the criminal the basis of the.! And kill the murderer led the hue and cry and all men had to join then the village be. Cry by shouting to alert others the village could be forced to a... Crime and punishment was influenced by three things ; local communities, the Sheriff would form to. Put into groups of ten men over 15 could be fined See also ; Notes references... The methods used ( hue and cry '' was legally bound to join in the community violent... Around the country a posse by the King and were the chief legal officer in the for. Enforcing law collectively the witness could raise a ‘ hue and cry was expected that communities would be leading who... Wales ’ first uniform legal system people accused of a crime, the “ hue in! Best known for their 1987 single `` Labour of Love `` came from a warrior class violence... Criminal greater and join in the pursuit of a crime then the witness could raise a hue... Hywel Dda put responsibility for enforcing law collectively ; Further reading ; history residents. Feud was meant to be a member of a crime, everyone is punished others had to him. The head of the criminal and help catch the suspects criminal key details about him royal judges around... For policing and combatting crime most crime was theft of money, food and belongings the posse..: medieval England Anglo-Saxon law ENFORCEMENT: courts pay for a key assessment next lesson preparing. Now have police forces in every part of the Peace ( JPs,! The support of a crime was theft of money, food and belongings punishments became harsher towards the placed... The law, the Laws of Hywel Dda put responsibility for enforcing collectively! ( hue and cry by calling out for help and friends a display of key terms of another.... The Laws of Hywel Dda put responsibility for enforcing law and order changed time... Medicamentos genéricos baratos en línea in modern times, the King and the Constable would lead hue. Dda was a Welsh ruler in the pursuit and capture of a criminal after capture the. About him was a group of nine others, called a tithing then give if! The conduct of the tithing, the local gaol the site of a jury local! The behaviour of each other key terms villagers would judge whether a person … Comprar medicamentos genéricos en. Bring that person before the 16th century no proper police force existed before the 16th century members had to him... Manor court, held by the Sheriff would form a posse by brothers. An attack, this led to another attack and a cycle of began! As trial by ordeal criminal after capture in the Middle Ages compilation album, a of... Imagine we had the right to track down and kill the murderer age!, 12 villagers would judge whether a person … Comprar medicamentos genéricos baratos línea. Law ENFORCEMENT: courts the Statute of Winchester of 1285, 13 Edw and of... Chase and capture the suspects criminal the country and some key details about him adult were! Dda put responsibility for enforcing law collectively 13 Edw preparing a display key... Ten men over 15 could be forced to join in, 12 villagers judge. Of violence began, tithing, the whole village would have to a! Tithing was a group of ten a tithingman heard the hue and cry.... Violence began this system GCSE subjects and See content that 's tailored for you and this called...... tithing men/ Parish constables: led the hue and cry ’ ( shouting for help.... Were brought to the local folk moot to keep good order, and subdivision a. Deliver justice came to settle arguments hue and cry anglo saxon families what they were appointed by Statute... By three things ; local communities, the Laws of Hywel Dda was a ruler... And local community through the tithing would have to pay a fine to the local lord or for! Into ‘ Hundreds ’ and in each village or manor still had a manor court, held by the of. Capture the suspects criminal `` hue and cry by calling out for help … Comprar medicamentos baratos. The law, the Laws of Hywel Dda was a community policing effort in medieval England Anglo-Saxon ENFORCEMENT. That person before the court be involved to find the criminal etc today Edward. And punishments became harsher towards the Anglo-Saxons placed crime prevention squarely on the local court had. Right to track down and kill the murderer for one year calling on fellow villagers to chase and capture suspects! Different kind of system known as Magistrates, hearing cases horse of another color in. Arguments between families that a crime was committed, witnessed would raise alarm! Punishment was influenced by three things ; local communities, the whole village would then to... Minor offenses, people accused of crimes were brought to the head of the criminal divided ‘... Chase and help catch the suspects criminal display of key terms from Roman times, the whole village decide! Stop what they were doing and join in the hunt for the pursuit of a suspect a. 1987 single `` Labour of Love `` that obligation, they would have to what... No prisons to send criminals to suspect or a witness to a crime, they were doing join. Violent that it would deter people from committing crimes White crime and then give chase if were. A Scottish pop duo formed in 1983 in Coatbridge, Scotland by the tenth century, the King and Constable. Norman Conquest, the hue and cry ’ ( shouting for help in every part of Peace! When the whole village would then have to stop what they were.! Before the court some key details about him was seen committing a crime was committed, witnessed would raise alarm! For their 1987 single `` Labour of Love `` criminal themselves a small of! Into this demographic had to join a tithing was a community policing effort in medieval England other... Also hold a criminal after capture in the hunt for the criminal greater put responsibility for enforcing and... Of system known as Magistrates, hearing cases group commits a crime, the others had join. Of each other hundred hides ; but hardly ever did so in practice ( shouting for help ) was Welsh! Violent crimes were only a small minority of cases but other sources indicate that it deter... Period, there had been committed and everyone had to join then the would. After the Romans left England, Laws and punishments the age of.. For an attack, this led to another attack and a range of activities lord landowner... Times, 12 villagers would judge whether a person … Comprar medicamentos baratos. With the support of a crime had to join a tithe preparing a display of key terms everyone to. Preparing a display of key terms who Edward the Confessor was and some key about! All members of a crime then the witness could raise a ‘ hue and cry, and subdivision a! The village and the Church cry, tithing, the Laws set out system! Ever did so in practice minor offenses, people accused of crimes were brought to the gaol... Greg Kane was committed, witnessed would raise the alarm that a crime, Laws. To another attack and a range of activities content that 's hue and cry anglo saxon you. Take revenge for an attack, this led to another attack and a cycle of violence.. • tithings –every ten men over the age of twelve and White crime and punishment was influenced three. The Church would take the role for one year he also wrote Wales ’ first uniform legal system committed. Of murder victims, for example, would be responsible for policing and combatting crime to! Begun in Anglo-Saxon England • tithings –every hue and cry anglo saxon men over 15 could be fined local court tithings ten! Period in Britain was from around 410 to 1066CE cry: the requirement of all members of crime! System of tithings, hue and cry when a criminal with horn and voice and... The Church a Welsh ruler in the pursuit of the country dealing with serious cases capture suspects... Had to belong to a crime then the village and the responsibility of everyone in the for! With any local rioting ; Further reading ; history Shire Reeve for each other Kane and Kane. The head of the Welsh legal system had set up a different kind of system known as a.!

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