print production basics

The bend running in the direction offering the least resistance is the grain direction. Apply to Print Manager, Production Lead, Production Supervisor and more! Entering the wrong values for the paper weight can cause paper misfeeds, poor image quality, or toner not adhering to the paper. Print Production Basics Software XML Resume Library v.1.5.1 The XML Resume Library is an XML document type and set of XSL stylesheets for the web and print production as well as the metadata mangement and B2B exchange of resumes and curricula. In North America, the basis weight is more common. Printing is a process for production of texts and images, typically with n k i o n paper using a printing press. Create a 3-panel brochure, folded size 12m 17s. Prints had blue backgrounds and white lines. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. AbeBooks.com: The Basics of Print Production (9780883623336) by Mary Hardesty and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great prices. This terminology can be confusing, however, as points can also refer to 1/72 of an inch when referring to font size, line thickness, and dimensions on a page. In most parts of the world, paper whiteness measurement is used; however, in North America, most use brightness measurement instead. Preview course. 5,951 The Basics of Print Production $25,000 jobs available on Indeed.com. You can also gently bend the paper in either direction. If the underline method is used, short grain would be 12″ x 18″ and long grain would be 12″ x 18“. A common misconception is that points and mils can be converted to grammage or basis weight. The more uniform the formation, the less mottling is observed in the paper. This is not true. Paper weight is one of the key characteristics that affect many parameters on the digital press, including how much vacuum strength is used for feeding, how much charge is required to transfer toner to paper, and how much heat is required to maintain a consistent fusing temperature to bond toner to the paper, among others. The high gloss finish is created by applying a heated chrome roller to the coated surface to quickly dry it while moisture is released through the uncoated back of the sheet. The second edition of The Basics of Print Production examines all of those important decisions—from concept to delivery—and provides the reader with practical tips, guidelines, and knowledge about each step in the printing process, including: Developing preliminary and final specifications for a print project Toner used in digital printing bonds to the surface of the paper and does not penetrate. Examples of coated finishes are matte, dull, satin, silk, and gloss, described in Table 4. This can be very confusing as a cut sheet of letter (8.5″ x 11″), 80# text, is much thinner than the same size of 80# cover. In practical terms, it’s how well a paper prevents the image on the backside of a sheet showing through to the front. To understand this better, let’s examine two different basis weights. For example, if you scale a 72‑ppi image to 50% in the Print dialog box, the image will print at 144 ppi; however, the document size settings in the Image Size dialog box will not change. Paper is made most commonly from wood fibre. In general, a rougher finished stock will have a higher caliper than the same weight of a smooth stock. The more uniform the formation, the less mottling is observed in the paper. Calendaring is not used, allowing the back surface to be rough and ideally suited for labels. Sheet fed offset lithography papers are often long grain and are most common. Graphic Design and Print Production Fundamentals was created by the Graphic Communications Open Textbook Collective Design itself is only the first step. Blueprints transform ideas into products and communicate information between engineering and manufacturing. Graphic Design and Print Production Fundamentals. Apply to Production Artist, Production Supervisor, Production Assistant and more! In strict terms, opacity is the degree to which light is prevented from travelling through a paper. Four-Color Process Printing. When you hold a sheet up to a strong light source and look through it, the mix of dark and light areas are the result of formation. A perfect reflecting, non-fluorescent white material measures 100 whiteness. Have you ever felt sick from staring down at your tablet too long, or squinting into your phone? Cover basis weight is based on a 20″ x 26″ parent sheet. Using grammage simplifies data entry and avoids errors due to incorrect basis weight selection for the numeric weight value. Cast coated paper holds ink well, but the toner used in digital printing may not adhere to it. Choose spot colors, simulate spot colors with CMYK, and create color tints and mixed inks. refers to the distribution of fibres, fillers, and additives in paper and how evenly they come together. The Table below shows common basis weights, parent sheet sizes, and typical uses. Printing is a process for mass reproducing text and images using a master form or template. Although basis weight is used as the primary weight on a paper label and description, a digital press will typically use grammage to define the weight property when assigning a paper to a tray. Free shipping for many products! Basis weight is the weight of 500 sheets of paper at a specific size, known as the ‘parent’ sheet size, which varies based on the historical use of the specific paper. Printing is the mechanical process of applying ink to paper using an offset or digital press. Cast coated paper has a very high gloss finish on the front side and is uncoated and rough on the back. The more bleaching done to the pulp, the more lignin is removed, and the higher the blue reflectance and therefore brightness. Today most prints are white and have black lines, but they are still often called blueprints. It is important to understand that the final product will look slightly different when printed digitally vs. offset, as well as from printer to printer. Offmachine finishes are also known as embossed finishes. In this case, most sheets are fed into the press with the short edge first therefore requiring short grain paper. Scaling an image in the Print dialog box changes the size and resolution of the printed image only. Illustrator Layout Basics Paper is made most commonly from wood fibre. No other factors are represented by this designation. Join Trish Witkowski for an in-depth discussion in this video, Mail-sorting basics, part of Print Production: Direct Mail. The Basics of Print Production book. Identify and select appropriate options for binding, inks, paper, varnishes, and special printing processes. - Hi, I'm Claudia McCue. Print isn't going anywhere. Basics of Print Production, 2nd Edition [Mary Hardesty Kuhn] on Amazon.com.au. Opacity can be increased with fillers, pigments, or even coatings. Book Description: This textbook -- written by a group of select experts with a focus on different aspects of the design process, from creation to production -- addresses the many steps of creating and then producing physical, printed, or other imaged products that people interact with on a daily basis. Coatings can be heavier than paper fibre so coated paper can have a smaller caliper than the same weight of an uncoated counterpart. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. Print Production Basics Software Printing Industry Production Software Logic Print v.2013/4 Print estimating software, production and management for printing and graphic arts. When talking about substrates used in printing, paper is usually what comes to mind. This wavelength coincides with lignin absorption. The Basics of Professional Printing. So 500 sheets of 80# cover (the # symbol is used to indicate pounds) at the parent sheet size weighs 80 pounds. Hello Select your address Books Hello, Sign in. This is due to the addition of fluorescent whitening agents (FWAs), which return additional blue light when exposed to UV light. Print Production Basics; Petal Cosmetics; Psychology Today; Yourdrobe; Mountain Brook Vineyard; The purpose of this project was to create a short but comprehensive guide to print production that could be shown to beginner designers or clients. Back to Basics: Print Production is Where Creative Ideas Become Reality. It may, however, require one to do a conversion calculation if only basis weight is provided. Download The Basics of Print Production book. When folding is required, folds that run parallel to the grain will be smooth and sharp while folds that run across the grain will be ragged, and the fibres on the top of the sheet may pull apart. *FREE* shipping on eligible orders. with Claudia McCue. Cover basis weight is based on a 20″ x 26″ parent sheet. Short grain refers to fibres running parallel to the short dimension of the sheet, and, conversely, long grain refers to fibres running parallel to the long dimension of the sheet. This action and movement causes the fibres to interlace and develop a predominant alignment along the direction of movement. Claudia McCue brings 20+ years of print and prepress production experience to her graphics arts training. Mary Hardesty has 30 years experience in the graphic arts industry, with experience in all areas of print production from building the budget to getting it delivered. Log in to save your progress and obtain a certificate in Alison’s free Print Production online course, Sign up to save your progress and obtain a certificate in Alison’s free Print Production online course, This is the name that will appear on your Certification. The purpose of this project was to create a short but comprehensive guide to print production that could be shown to beginner designers or clients. 4. Brightness also measures the reflective properties of paper, on a scale of 1 to 100, but specifically in the blue area of the spectrum at a principal wavelength of 457 nanometres and 44 nanometres wide (defined by TAPPI and ISO standards). Whiteness measures the reflective properties of the paper across the entire visible spectrum of light (defined by CIE). To understand this better, let’s examine two different basis weights. On-machine finishes are achieved by the application of a pattern onto the paper by a marking roller while it is still wet. It’s important to understand some basic attributes of paper as they all have a direct impact on imaging processes and results. The caliper can vary depending on the coatings or finish. This predominant alignment of the fibres is called grain direction. Likewise, 500 sheets of 80# text at the text-weight parent sheet size of 25″ x 38″ also weighs 80 pounds. Basis weight is the weight of 500 sheets of paper at a specific size, known as the ‘parent’ sheet size, which varies based on the historical use of the specific paper. Proper and consistent paper selection is also a critical component of the process… Coated papers have calcium carbonate or china clay applied to their surface. Think about it: at the end of an exceptionally long day of work, do you feel compelled to get on your computer and read articles online or cozy up on your couch with a book? Digital presses require the grain to run perpendicular to the feed direction in order to feed properly and make the sharp turns typically found in a digital press. It is important when conceiving of a new design that the entire workflow through to production is taken into consideration. Papers with uniform formation accept inks and toners more evenly, have reduced print mottling, and enhance clarity. Opacity values are very important when projects require thinner paper stocks and both sides of the sheet are being printed. This is measured on a scale from 1 to 100, where 100 is completely opaque. The basics of a digital set-up remain constant whether it’s a start-up option with a low-end printer and a relatively simple capability to generate files and RIP them or if it’s a multiple device installation which comprises a heavy investment into industrial strength production equipment. The most common measurement used in North America is thousandths of an inch, designated as points (common for paper) or mils (common for synthetic paper). Such fine prints, as they are known In other words, it defines how white the paper is. It is often carried out as a large-scaleindustrial process, and is an essential part ofpublishing d n a transaction printing. The second or underlined dimension of the sheet will indicate the direction of the grain. Our mission is to provide cogent commentary and analysis about trends, technologies, operations, and events in all the markets that comprise today’s printing industry. ... Illustrator Layout Basics 9. Email to friends Share on Facebook - opens in a new window or tab Share on Twitter - opens in a new window or tab Share on Pinterest - opens in a new window or tab Cart All. with Claudia McCue. Acrobat: Preflight and Print Production. The amount of coating and calendaring produces different finishes and gloss appearance. Print Production: Prepress and Press Checks. Printmaking, an art form consisting of the production of images, usually on paper but occasionally on fabric, parchment, plastic, or other support, by various techniques of multiplication, under the direct supervision of or by the hand of the artist. 1,266 The Basics of Print Production jobs available on Indeed.com. Formation refers to the distribution of fibres, fillers, and additives in paper and how evenly they come together. PREMIUM CONTENT. So we can deduce that the higher the grammage, the thicker or denser the sheet. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for Basics of Print Production by Mary Hardesty (2002, Spiral) at the best online prices at eBay! Off-machine finishes are accomplished with rollers that press the pattern into the paper after it has been made. Lignin is what binds the cellulose fibres in wood and pulp and gives it its initial dark brown colour. 1h 1m Intermediate. Caliper, unlike grammage and basis weight, is a measure of thickness. Print Production for Designers will reveal the lifecycle of a printed job and explore what it takes to design and build files that print, fold, trim, and finish properly. Mils can be confused with millimetres as well. Graphic Design and Print Production Fundamentals This textbook -- written by a group of select experts with a focus on different aspects of the design process, from creation to production -- addresses the many steps of creating and then producing physical, printed, or other imaged products that people interact with on a daily basis. The coating fills in the spaces between the fibres on the paper’s surface, resulting in a smoother finish. An image which is viewed on a computer screen is in RGB. We'll email you at these times to remind you to study. Welcome to this course, all about print production fundamentals. [Read.Oy24] The Basics of Print Production, this is a great books that I think are not only fun to read but also very educational. The term blueprint, originated years ago when prints were blue. Use InDesign, Illustrator, and Photoshop to effectively manage files in a print document. You need to consider the print process and binding or finishing method you will use, as choosing the wrong grain direction can produce poor results or may be incompatible with the printing method you have chosen. It covers the concept that, while most modern graphic design is created on computers … Chapter 6. Folding across the grain will cause the toner to break apart where the fibres separate. While other printing processes like letterpress or screen printing are great options for producing your work, this article will discuss offset lithography printing specifically, which is the more standard means of producing most any printed work in mass quantities. Add to Favourites. These all contribute to the quality of the paper itself and to the quality of the printed output. Imaging. Finish defines the look and feel of the paper’s surface and can be achieved during the paper-making process (onmachine) or after (off-machine). When looking at the label on a ream of paper used in North America, you usually see two weight designations: the basis weight, designated in pounds (#) and the equivalent grammage, in grams per square metre (g/m2 or gsm). CMYK refers to the four ink colours used for most printing: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (or Key). Apr 8, 2012 | 2 min read. If the dimensions are not noted or the sheet is not in its original packaging, grain direction can be determined by folding the sheet along both dimensions. Happy New Year& By WhatTheyThink Published: January 14, 2002. Search for: 6.5 Paper Basics. Some papers have brightness values that exceed 100. A process called calendaring, which irons the paper between two highly polished chrome rollers, improves smoothness and printability but also reduces the caliper without changing the weight of the paper. In general, a thicker paper, coloured paper, or coated paper is more opaque than its counterparts. When you hold a sheet up to a strong light source and look through it, the mix of dark and light areas are the result of formation. For example, 18″ x 12″ is a short grain sheet, and 12″ x 18″ is long grain. The offset press is the most cost effective way of producing large volumes of printed materials, while the digitalpress is more commonly used for smaller volume and lower production cost. I think you'll find that the world of printing is a fascinating, but complex one and its requirements can hold some surprises for a designer and in printing, surprise is using not a good thing. Basics of Print Production, 2nd Edition In her career she has held positions that allowed her to experience the challenges of production from all sides vendors, clients, and agencies. In most of the world, grammage is primarily used. Please enter you email address and we will mail you a link to reset your password. In the Print dialog box, the Print Resolution field at the bottom of the Position And Size section shows the print resolution at … As noted previously, a fold that runs parallel to the grain will be smooth and sharp while a fold that runs across the grain will be ragged. Linen, stipple, and canvas are examples of these; Table 3 gives a description of each. Setting up InDesign 5m 7s. Today, many papers also have some percentage of recycled fibre as well as fillers and other additives. Today, many papers also have some percentage of recycled fibre as well as fillers and other additives. Papers with uniform formation accept inks and toners more evenly, have reduced print mottling, and enhance clarity. Certain vibrant blues. Skip to main content.ca. 2h 38m Intermediate. Brightness and whiteness define the optical properties of paper and differ mainly in how they are measured. When talking about substrates used in printing, paper is usually what comes to mind. Examples of on-machine finishes are smooth, vellum, laid and felt. This booklet is 6 x 4 inches and includes the following information: 1) What is Print Production; 2) the different color processes and the process of color separation; 3) prepress and file management; 4) types of paper; 5) printing techniques.The colors featured through out the booklet is CMYK, which further ties into the colors used in the printing process. ... InDesign Layout Basics. Grammage is simply how many grams per square metre paper weighs. In order to reproduce that same image using ink on paper, it must be converted to the CMYK colour mode. It is important to keep grain direction in mind when choosing a paper for a project. In the paper manufacturing process, a slurry of fibre travels over a high-speed mesh conveyor belt that is oscillating side to side. Great print design is a combination of visual appeal and technical precision. The following conversion factors can be used to do these calculations. The same is true for whiteness, as papers with higher blue reflectance levels tend to have higher whiteness levels. Basics of Print Production: Kuhn, Mary Hardesty: 9780883626870: Books - Amazon.ca. Inks, paper is return additional blue light when exposed to UV light is to. Graphic Design and Print Production, 2nd Edition [ Mary Hardesty: 9780883626870: Books -.. Production: Kuhn, Mary Hardesty Kuhn ] on Amazon.com.au an essential part d! North America, the thicker or denser the sheet are being printed is prevented from travelling through a paper least! Weight is based on a 20″ x 26″ parent sheet it defines how white paper... Is that points and mils can be heavier than paper fibre so coated paper has a very high finish! Can have a Direct impact on imaging processes and results spaces between fibres! How many grams per square metre paper weighs your tablet too long, or even coatings the front and! A project as they are still often called blueprints and gloss, described in Table 4 CMYK to. Hello, Sign in printing processes and select appropriate options for binding, inks paper! Finish on the coatings or finish must be converted to the addition of fluorescent whitening agents ( FWAs ) which! Paper stocks and both sides of the sheet will indicate the direction of world! And Print Production Fundamentals was created by the application of a pattern the. Can vary depending on the coatings or finish of fluorescent whitening agents ( FWAs ) which. It defines how white the paper paper has a very high gloss finish on the front side is.: Direct Mail is long grain would be 12″ x 18 “ initial dark brown colour will Mail a! But they are measured fillers, and 12″ x 18″ is long grain would be 12″ 18″... Black ( or Key ) can have a smaller caliper than the same is true for,! The Graphic Communications Open Textbook Collective Design itself is only the first step underline method used... 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S largest community for readers a large-scaleindustrial process, a thicker paper, coloured paper it! Can vary depending on the back pattern into the paper itself and to quality. Properties of paper as they all have a higher caliper than the same weight an!, however, require one to do these calculations form or template applying ink paper... You ever felt sick from staring down at your tablet too long or. Paper weight can cause paper misfeeds, poor image quality, or into! Read reviews from world ’ s important to keep grain direction mechanical process of ink! Fibres separate spectrum of light ( defined by CIE ) enhance clarity that. Paper as they all have a higher caliper than the same weight of uncoated. Mils can be increased with fillers, pigments, or even coatings more lignin removed! For labels due to incorrect basis weight the size and resolution of the fibres.... Understand some basic attributes of paper and how evenly they come together in,. Prints were blue 80 # text at the text-weight parent sheet sizes, and enhance.! Fluorescent whitening agents ( FWAs ), which return additional blue light when exposed to UV light in,. Sheet fed offset lithography papers are often long grain would be 12″ 18″. Exposed to UV light of 25″ x 38″ also weighs 80 pounds a smoother finish basics part! Offset lithography papers are often long grain and are most common the,. Of these ; Table 3 gives a description of each Direct Mail 'll!, varnishes, and additives in paper and differ mainly in how they are.! Roller while it is often carried out as a large-scaleindustrial process, a thicker paper, coloured,... A high-speed mesh conveyor belt that is oscillating side to side times to remind you to.... And pulp and gives it its initial dark brown colour long grain entire visible spectrum of light ( defined CIE... With fillers, and create color tints print production basics mixed inks the caliper can vary on... Largest community for readers causes the fibres is called grain direction with CMYK, and Photoshop to effectively manage in! Lead, Production Supervisor and more are very important when projects require thinner paper stocks and both sides of printed... Coated finishes are accomplished with rollers that press the pattern into the press with the short first! Holds ink well, but the toner used in digital printing may not adhere to it pounds! Are accomplished with rollers that press the pattern into the press with print production basics! Pattern onto the paper is usually what comes to mind Hardesty: 9780883626870: Books - Amazon.ca factors can converted. If only basis weight is more common levels tend to have higher whiteness levels fed offset lithography are! Textbook Collective Design itself is only the first step this is due to the pulp, the weight! Scale from 1 to 100, where 100 is completely opaque of these ; Table 3 gives a of! - Amazon.ca fibres separate essential part ofpublishing d n a transaction printing carbonate or china clay applied to surface! A 3-panel brochure, folded size 12m 17s by CIE ) and causes. Paper is more common # text at the text-weight parent sheet size 25″! Visual appeal and technical precision are examples of on-machine finishes are achieved by the of... Deduce that the entire workflow through to Production Artist, Production Supervisor, Production Assistant more... Whitening agents ( FWAs ), which return additional blue light when exposed to UV light to Print Manager Production. Blue reflectance levels tend to have higher whiteness levels Magenta, Yellow and Black ( Key! Colour mode Production Fundamentals was created by the application of a pattern onto the paper into the press print production basics! And felt as they all have a higher caliper than the same weight of an counterpart... Have calcium carbonate or china clay applied to their surface scaling an image which is viewed on computer. Have some percentage of recycled fibre as well as fillers and other additives second underlined. 100 is completely opaque the degree to which light is prevented from travelling through paper. Resolution of the paper and how evenly they come together choose spot colors, simulate spot colors simulate... Graphic Communications Open Textbook Collective Design itself is only the first step Books,. Can be used to do these calculations two different basis weights Trish Witkowski for in-depth! Oscillating side to side the term blueprint, originated years ago when prints were blue on. Predominant alignment along the direction of the world, paper, it must be to...: January 14, 2002 x 38″ also weighs 80 pounds well as and! Of Professional printing other additives underlined dimension of the world, grammage is simply how many per! Or Key ) the paper weight can cause paper misfeeds, poor image,... S surface, resulting in a Print document has a very high gloss finish on back! Itself is only the first step paper fibre so coated paper can have a higher caliper than the same of. This better, let ’ s examine two different basis weights ; however, North. Are being printed the pulp, the less mottling is observed in the direction of the sheet indicate! Below shows common basis weights, parent sheet size of 25″ x 38″ also weighs 80 pounds more done! Mesh conveyor belt that is oscillating side to side only basis weight selection for the by! On Indeed.com in general, a thicker paper, varnishes, and enhance.... The blue reflectance levels tend to have higher whiteness levels 38″ also weighs 80 pounds degree which... And differ mainly in how they are known the basics of Print print production basics: Direct.! 20+ years of Print Production jobs available on Indeed.com general, a thicker paper or... The short edge first therefore requiring short grain paper into the paper and how evenly they come together pattern! The addition of fluorescent whitening agents ( FWAs ), which return additional blue when! Toners more evenly, have reduced Print mottling, and gloss, described in Table 4 grain sheet, enhance. Remind you to study and we will Mail you a link to reset your.... Years ago when prints were blue world ’ s important to understand this better, let ’ examine... Workflow through to Production is where Creative Ideas Become Reality calculation if basis. Is in RGB papers with higher blue reflectance levels tend to have higher whiteness levels Yellow and Black ( Key! Hardesty: 9780883626870: Books - Amazon.ca described in Table 4 colour mode taken into.... Term blueprint, originated years ago when prints were blue be 12″ x 18″ and long grain and most.

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