southdown sheep use

For further information about Southdown sheep, please visit the Southdown Society for up to date breed information, current initiatives, and other useful resources. Friendly and easy to manage, the broad-backed and adorable Southdown sheep are a heritage breed of sheep that originated in southern England. Importations continued throughout the 1800s, though the breed did not become popular until after mid-century with the subsiding of the Merino craze. In 1937, the number of exported Southdowns reached 459 head. [citation needed]. Storey's Guide to Raising Sheep All sheep are flock animals and should go to homes that already have sheep or who will get 2. [3][4] Baby Doll breeders claim that their sheep are closer to the original English Southdown than are the commercial Southdown sheep being grown today. From then until 1939, the registered Southdown flocks numbered around 200. Olde English Miniature Babydoll Southdown sheep are an ancient breed with sweet, teddy bear faces. The Southdown were developed in Sussex, England during the late 1700 and early 1800s'. The flock was incredibly profitable for both their meat and fleece. By 1911, 359 registered Southdown flocks contained some 114,495 breeding ewes throughout Britain. The Southdown breed is the oldest of the “down” sheep. Not to be confused with the Olde English 'Babydoll' Southdown sheep. An estimated 110,000 sheep were in Sussex as early as 1341. The breed has been shaped by selection for meat production, and as a result, Southdowns are early maturing and forage efficient. Gradually surrendering to basic arable farming changes, the Southdown became largely a grassland breed. After this initial review and acceptance period, the "Foundation Flock" registry was closed in 1991. The American Southdowns were developed by breeding the original bloodlines to larger breeds of Southdowns from other countries to create a sheep that could compete with the other larger meat breeds in the US. Babydoll Southdown sheep stand only 17” to 24” at the shoulder. Though we have had a few losses along the way, they have been a relatively easy breed to raise. Southdown sheep are one of the earliest ‘breeds’ of sheep. All our sheep are tested for scrapies resistance and we only use rams testing "RR" at codon 171. Meat It originated from the native sheep of the region, which were improved beginning in the late 1700s and continuing through the 1830s. The breed was consistent in qualities, and it was used in the development of several other breeds, including the Shropshire, Hampshire, and Oxford; in this way its role was similar to that of the Leicester among the longwool breeds. If you would like to view lambs before the sale, please call for an appointment. Southdown sheep were known as hardy and quick growing, and the quality of their meat was celebrated. At that time, Mock started the first and original Olde English Southdown Registry to market this once meat breed to a completely new market for people looking for pets and 4H projects, and he started the "Babydoll" used by the members of the original registry, as well as the few spin-off Babydoll registries. ... Black in colour Other sheep are available yearling ewes and... preloved.co.uk . Status: The use of artificial fertilizers had gained ground, and the combine-drill, which sowed grain seeds and fertilizer together, rendered close-folding by sheep unnecessary. We began our livestock journey with chickens and ducks, but since have ventured into Babydoll Southdown Sheep. The Southdown has been placed on a watch list by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust. The use of artificial fertilizers had gained ground, and the combine-drill, which sowed grain seeds and fertilizer together, rendered close-folding by sheep unnecessary. Southdown sheep is recognized by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust as a native breed. 150 - 200 lbs It originated from the native sheep of the region, which were improved beginning in the late 1700s and continuing through the 1830s. They have wool on their faces, ears, and legs. From then until 1939, the registered Southdown flocks numbered around 200. Join Southdown Australia. Check it out! The principal reason for the large concentrations of Southdown sheep on downland farms over these centuries was their role in the maintenance of soil fertility. If you want meat sheep go with unregistered or. Watching the interactions between the animals can be quite entertaining. The breed was highly regarded as a premier meat breed until the market shift to taller, larger sheep during the 1900s. One of the oldest of the English breeds of sheep is the Southdown, originating on the South Down hills of Sussex County, England. In 1813, Arthur Young estimated 200,000 ewes were kept on the eastern South Downs and commented, "the amazing number they keep is one of the most singular circumstances in the sheep husbandry of England". Sires View our legendary sires. During the Great Depression, a severe and prolonged fall in the prices of wool and cereals due to rising volumes of imports from the British Empire was accompanied by the Wet Years - a six-year period of cold, wet weather with little sun. In the Second World War, the South Downs were commandeered for military training, only fringe farms being left to produce milk for the towns. Official website of the most active Southdown Breed State Association in the United States, Official website of the American Southdown Breeders Association, Olde English Babydoll Southdown Sheep Registry, English Sheep web site Located in the UK talks about Southdowns in the US, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Southdown_sheep&oldid=994725308, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Articles with disputed statements from July 2011, Articles needing additional references from January 2016, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 06:17. They later declined in nearly the same pattern that had occurred in England. At the top of the hill go left on Southdown Lane, once you cross the cattle guard you will turn right on Champions Drive which will take you to the house and the barns. You will want your sheep to have both cover and shelter from the winds during the cold months. Lately, the shorter, stockier breed has enjoyed resurgence. Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.newzealand.com/travel/media/press-releases/2009/7/food&wine_mini-sheep-mow-vineyard_press-release.cfm. This was significant in the development and mass production of the larger, leggier Southdown of today. Southdowns are distinctive in appearance. Mature weights for rams range from 190 to 230 lb (86-104 kg); ewes weigh from 130 to 180 lb (59-81 kg). North American Southdowns are also taller than their English counterparts. Experience Level: Lambing rate averages 140-160%. From mature ewes, fleece weights are between 5.0 and 8.0 lb ((2.5 - 3.6 kg) with a yield of 40% to 55%. Not to be confused with the Olde English 'Babydoll' Southdown sheep. The Southdown Sheep Society was formed in 1890. Southdown, breed of medium-wool, dark-faced, hornless sheep originating in the Sussex hills of England.The oldest of all British breeds of sheep, it has an ideal body conformation for meat production. By 1922, the 359 pedigree flocks had shrunk to 245. In England, these small … Over the years, both in England and in North America, Southdown Sheep were selectively bred to produce larger, leaner and taller offspring—bigger lambs, bigger lamb chops and roasts. [citation needed] At the time, their wool was second only to the Hereford sheep in fineness and quality. This meant wheat could be grown successfully the following year. The breed was developed over decades, mainly in the South Downs area of the UK from the late 18th Century onwards. Southdown sheep were known as hardy and quick growing, and the quality of their meat was celebrated. These sheep make popular exhibition livestock and good 4-H/FFA projects for young people due to their mellow temperaments. It was exported to New Zealand and was used in the breeding of the Canterbury lamb. We have been raising Southdown Babydoll sheep for the last 12 years! It has been split into two sub-breeds. If you use a 3-sided shed, note which direction your prevailing winds come from. The Southdown breed leads the way for others to follow. ... Sold to Junge Sheep Farm. Napa sheep slaughter solved: Culprits were cougars. Both ewes and rams are polled. Southdown Australia exists to encourage the breeding and use of high quality registered Southdown Sheep in Australia. [dubious – discuss] The downland soils are chalky and not naturally fertile, so the close-folding by the sheep on small areas manured and trod the soil. Olde English Babydoll Southdown Sheep are actually a very old breed and probably one of the earliest to be brought to North America from England. Breeds of Livestock - Southdown Sheep Southdown. About 4-5 decades ago, the original small stocky Southdown sheep were either bred to select taller and leaner sheep or forgotten altogether. Their popularity grew because the Southdowns were very easy to take care of and were resilient to many problems for which other sheep are known. We will be selling Babydoll Southdown Lambs registered with NABSSAR Spring 2020. Their lambing properties are good so, there is a high demand for ewes as compared to rams. The sheep are white with mouse colored faces. Rams weigh 190-230 pounds and ewes weigh 130-180 pounds. Southdown Australia exists to encourage the breeding and use of high quality registered Southdown Sheep in Australia Southdown Australia Inc is an incorporated association registered on 25 July 1995 (registration number A0031734A). The Southdown is known as a terminal sire producing vigorous lambs with fast growth rates and outstanding carcase and eating quality. Our animals bring us so much joy. Breed Facts Kept by the farmers and shepherds on the chalk … Subsequently, the process of registering lambs from this newly established foundation flock began. Southdown sheep are quiet and calm by nature and do not harm anyone. Novice - Intermediate. Later irnportations from the Jonas Webb flock were made into Pennsylvania, New York and Illinois. When Mock and his associates were searching for the stock to start the new registry, only adult Babydoll sheep, two years and older, were accepted in the flock, so they could be judged against the original conformation standards as verified by a veterinarian. Adult Weight: The staple length ranges from 1.5 to 2.5 inches (4-6 cm).[6]. Both babydoll ewes and rams are naturally polled, meaning they're … Grand Champion Ram A wether. Their short height makes them very useful for mowing, trimming, and pruning in vineyards and orchards. They also make valuable additions to cross-breeding programs. $24.95, Storey's Illustrated Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle, and Pigs. Old English Babydoll Southdowns are the descendants of the original English Southdown Sheep. The Southdown breed is the oldest of the "down" sheep. They have been selected specifically for their smaller size of the original blood lines and a focus on wool and hobby breeding rather than commercial meat production. This sheep was involved with crossbreeding to develop other breeds: The Southdown in Britain is recognised by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust as a native breed, although today it is popular amongst the smaller scale breeders of sheep.[2]. The high quality of the carcass has also been a hallmark of the breed. During the hot months, they will seek shade where there is a breeze (perhaps behind the shelter instead of in it), or will find shade from a tree. Folding flocks were no longer economical and smaller flocks averaged only 135 ewes apiece. Members are enthusiastic about helping each other and working together to improve the breed. SOUTHDOWN JUNIORS. His work was continued by Jonas Webb of Babraham in Cambridgeshire, who developed the larger animal of today. With the gradual introduction of new crops such as field turnips, swedes, kohl rabi and other forage crops, the folding system took off, increasing in parallel with expanding human population. Folded flocks were no longer economical and smaller flocks averaged only 135 ewes apiece. The average price of shearling rams is about 275gns and the average price of shearling ewes is about 175gns. The Southdown was probably imported to North America in the 1700s, though the first documented importation occurred in 1803, with sheep brought into New York and Massachusetts. The Southdown sheep is a sheep that originates from the United Kingdom and it is medium sized sheep breed that has a long compact body in relation to the length of their medium length legs. However, many of the original attributes for which the original Southdowns were known were bred out. The Southdown Sheep Society was formed in 1890. We sell our lambs every spring and sell the wool to a local spinner who uses it to make beautiful yarn. Southdown Sheep breeders listing & info. The Southdown is historically one of the most important of the British breeds of sheep, valued for fleece, meat, and for improvement of other breeds. Use: The American Southdown Breeder’s Association hails this fast-growing breed as an efficient and economical converter of grass to lean, tender and flavorful meat. $19.95, Storey's Illustrated Guide to Sheep, Goats, Cattle, and Pigs If your NABSSAR membership is a dual membership or a family membership, all uploads will be completed via a single electronic submission account. The Southdown raised by commercial growers today, is larger than the "traditional" Southdown of years past. Much remained the same until the First World War, when the Southdown flocks declined with some rapidity, as shepherds and farm workers went off to war. After a four-year search, two small flocks totaling 26 sheep were located; however, this group was not able to provide a sustainable gene pool. In Canada it became known as the “Aberdeen Angus” of the sheep industry due to its ability to flesh out a small carcass. In the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, they were found in large numbers, especially in the South Downs near Lewes. Use: [1] The Southdown breed was originally bred by John Ellman of Glynde, near Lewes, East Sussex, about 200 years ago. Sheep farming declined further after the war, although it is now being encouraged again through the designation of the downland as an environmentally sensitive area, and the restoration of arable land to sheepwalk. Mock continued his extensive search, and by 1990, he was able to find a total of 350 of the Southdown sheep that had the original bloodlines, and many of them still carried their original Southdown registration papers recognized by the UK. Search. These sheep they are making a comeback! Only active (have paid membership dues for the current calendar year and are listed as a member on our website) NABSSAR members may use this service. We had the pleasure of working directly with Robert Mock when establishing our flock. It’s juniors are no different. In 1986, a breeder, Robert Mock, began a search for the sheep with bloodlines that conformed to the original Southdowns. The original blood line of the English Southdowns are the Olde English 'Babydoll' Southdown sheep in the US. See item details. Similar items on Etsy (Results include Ads Learn more Sellers looking to grow their business and reach more interested buyers can use Etsy’s advertising platform to promote their items. They truly are a part of the family. Babydoll Southdown Sheep . Today, it is about the 6th or 7th most popular breed in the United States, and its population has held steady during the past 20 years with over 5,000 lambs registered per year. Southdowns are active sheep but they are calm in disposition. These sheep are now available throughout the world and their price varies. The Southdown is a small, dual-purpose English sheep, raised primarily for meat. In 1780, John Ellman realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. Its fleece is close and is the finest of the British breeds; but, though white and of good quality, the wool is short and the fleeces relatively light in weight. - Carol Ekarius Temperament: - Paula Simmons and Carol Ekarius Because of their diminutive size, miniature Southdowns make outstanding weeders for use in orchards and vineyards -- they are only 24 inches tall when mature, and so can't easily reach tree branches or trellised grapes. This divergence from the original breed standards was the beginning of what later became two distinct lines in the US. A registered sheep is too valuable in the gene pool to be meat. The Southdown was developed in Sussex, England in the late 1700's and early 1800's and exported to the US shortly thereafter. The fleeces are considered medium-wool type with a fiber diameter of 23.5 to 29.0 microns[5] and a numerical count of 54 to 60. Explore 8 listings for Southdown lambs for sale at best prices. Each sheep's registration application was passed before a board of three members of the soon to be formed Olde English Southdown Registry. In 1780 John Ellman, realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. We instantly fell in love with those sweet teddy bear faces! One other factor that affected the original bloodlines was that the Southdown could not satisfy the consumer demand for larger meat cuts. Most Babydolls do not stand on their back legs to reach the higher vegetation, especially after they mature. The American Southdown Junior Association (AJSA) allows juniors to share a vital role in the promotion and advancement of the Southdown breed. The system reached its zenith from about 1845 to 1880. These short-wooled sheep have been regaining their popularity over the past couple decades with single-breed heritage fiber fans for their soft, springy wool with a spiral crimp. Southdown Sheep If you pick up any historical publication on sheep you will probably find the Southdown (originally South Down from its area of origin) discussed in detail. The Southdown breed is the oldest of the "down" sheep. Today the breed is popular among the small scale sheep breeders and raised mainly for meat production. The cheapest offer starts at £50. During the interwar years, the United Kingdom was known for farm animal breeding, and pedigreed Southdowns were still being exported to most parts of the world, especially New Zealand. Welcome to the website of the Southdown Sheep Society, the Society represents the interests of Southdown breeders in the UK and provides registration and marketing services to breeders across the country. The wool is fine to medium, with a staple length of 4-6 cm, average fleece weighs 3-5 pounds, and a fiber diameter of 23-29 microns. Our small family farm is located in the Piedmont area of North Carolina. [dubious – discuss] The large flocks grazed the open downs by day and at dusk they came down to the lower arable land for folding. Sold See item details. The region has a mild climate, fertile soil, and good grass that make it excellent for raising sheep. Read more information about this breed below. Shiva Sheep Farm Nhavare Shirur, Near Sugar Factory, Pune-412210, Maharashtra, India At Shugborough, in the 1800’s there were around 1,700 Southdown ewes, there were also Blackfaced sheep, Welsh and Irish. The 20th century brought the establishment of pedigree recording. Documented importations were made into Pennsylvania from 1824 to 1829 from the English Flock of John Ellman. Docile Southdown Babydoll Sheep Wool. The Southdown was developed in southeastern England, specifically in the Chalk Hills or "South Downs" of Sussex. The Southdown breed is easy lambing, docile and is an easy finishing sheep making it suitable for a range of farming systems in all locations and climates. Reserve Sr. Champion Southdown Ewe 2017 Midwest Stud Ram Sale JK Maddox 6163 Fuzzy Monkey x JK Maddox 9004 Sold to Wedel Southdowns . Also called “teddy bear” sheep, they are 19-24” at the shoulder. Interest in creating purebred herds and diversity in the genetics is gaining ground. It originated from the native sheep of the region, which were improved beginning in the late 1700s and continuing through the 1830s. We lovingly raise registered miniature goats (Pygmies and Nigerian Dwarfs) as well as registered miniature sheep (Olde English Babydoll Southdown and … About Us Read about who we are. They are Naturally Polled. The original Southdown breed probably reached the United States in 1803. For further details check out this link to Wikipedia Wikipedia South Downs Sheep. The sheep are sturdy, wide, deep, compact, and refined. Report. Prairie Creek Acres has been a cornerstone of breeding Olde English Babydoll Southdown Sheep since 2007. The American Southdown Breeders Association was formed in 1882. Our sheep are dual registered with NABSSAR and OEBMSSR. In California and New Zealand, they are placed in vineyards to graze weeds because they are too short to reach the grapes on the vines. Recovering Maddox Southdowns is a sheep breeder from Oklahoma that offers club lambs and Southdown breeding stock for the show industry. These small sheep were know for their extreme hardiness and produced meat with unmatched tenderness and flavor then any other breed of sheep. Southdown sheep were known as hardy and quick growing, … , which were improved beginning in the chalk … Breeds of livestock - Southdown sheep were know for their hardiness... About 275gns and the average price of shearling ewes is about 275gns and the quality of the,. At Shugborough, in the breeding and use of high quality registered Southdown flocks numbered around 200 exhibition. 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And refined and OEBMSSR the wool to a local spinner who uses it to make yarn... Produced meat with unmatched tenderness and flavor then any other breed of sheep that originated in England! Remove this template message, http: //www.newzealand.com/travel/media/press-releases/2009/7/food & wine_mini-sheep-mow-vineyard_press-release.cfm the cold months three... Only use rams testing `` RR '' at codon 171 late 18th Century onwards that conformed to the Hereford in. '' of Sussex ” at the shoulder commercial growers today, is larger than the `` down '' sheep affected! To 1829 from the original bloodlines was southdown sheep use the Southdown was developed in Sussex, England during the 1700... Small family farm is located in the 1800 ’ s there were around 1,700 Southdown ewes, there is small. In Cambridgeshire, who developed the larger, leggier Southdown of years past Registry was closed in 1991 folded were! About 1845 to 1880 the beginning of what later became two distinct lines in the chalk … Breeds livestock! And do not harm anyone in 1780 John Ellman way for others to follow Downs sheep properties are so... Meat production a heritage breed of sheep purebred herds and diversity in the South ''... Shearling rams is about 175gns is gaining ground of these animals and set out standardize! 3-Sided shed, note which direction your prevailing winds come from the shoulder 're … Southdown.. Southdown Registry a watch list by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust as premier. Commercial growers today, is larger than the `` traditional '' Southdown of today details check out this to... Sheep, they are calm in disposition 2.5 inches ( 4-6 cm ). [ 6 ] began. 1939, the registered Southdown sheep to a local spinner who uses to! Use a 3-sided shed, note which direction your prevailing winds come from from to. Late 1700s and continuing through the 1830s breed did not become popular until after mid-century with Olde! A small, dual-purpose English sheep, raised primarily for meat production, and good 4-H/FFA projects for young due! Ram Explore 8 listings for Southdown lambs registered with NABSSAR and OEBMSSR Babydoll... Eating quality the Piedmont area of North Carolina in southern England makes them southdown sheep use useful for mowing trimming... Babydoll ewes and... preloved.co.uk had the pleasure of working directly with Mock. Makes them very useful for mowing, trimming, and the quality their. Was incredibly profitable for both their meat and fleece mid-century with the Olde English 'Babydoll Southdown... Lambs from this newly established Foundation flock '' Registry was closed in 1991 consumer demand for ewes as to! Two distinct lines in the breeding and use of high quality of their meat was celebrated wool on their legs. Colour other sheep are now available throughout the 1800s, though the breed was highly regarded a... The South Downs '' of Sussex '' sheep ewes weigh 130-180 pounds Southdown raised by commercial today... Blackfaced sheep, raised primarily for meat production Southdowns are the descendants of the soon be..., mainly in the development and mass production of the region has a mild,...

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